Flashcards in Quiz Questions - Ch. 1 and 4 Deck (14):
Who was Constantine?
passed Edict of Milan that legalized Christianity, Western emperor of Rome, allied with Licinius, conquered Maximinus, and exile and later hung Licinius for persecuting Christian spies
Was Constantine a Christian?
maybe. ordered Council of Nicea and was baptized (even though at the end of his life) but also murdered family
Who was Constantine's co-emperor?
What is the Edict of Milan?
the document that legalized Christianity
What did Constantine do to promote Christianity?
legalized it, Council of Nicea, Christians = to Roman citizens
How did Constantine justify war with Licinius?
he persecuted Christian spies
What important declaration was made at the Council of Nicea?
Jesus is of the same essence of God (homoiousios)
Who was Arius and what did he believe?
Jesus is not of the same essence of God (heteroousios). He was a heretic and monotheist, was considered anathema (enemy of the church), and was excommunicated.
Describe the difference between homoousios, heteroousios, and homoiousios.
Homoousios = Jesus is of similar essence to God.
Homoiousios= Jesus is of the same essence to God.
Heteroousios= Jesus is of different essence to God.
Why did Constantine move his capitol east?
he planned to attack Persia
What is the name of his capitol?
In what country is that city today?
Who took over the throne after Constantine's death?
His 3 sons: Constantine the 2nd, Constantius, and Constans