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Flashcards in chapter 7 Deck (106):
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testis, testicle

primary male sex organ, paired, oval shaped enclosed in sac (scrotum) produces sperm, testosterone

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sperm

microscopic male germ cell

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testosterone

principle male sex hormone, stimulate the development of male repro organs

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seminiferous tubules

900 coiled tubes within testes, spermatogenesis occurs

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epididymis

coiled duct atop testes that provides storage, transit, maturation of spermatozoma

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vas deferens, ductus deferens, seminal duct

duct carrying the sperm from the epididymis to urethra

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seminal vesicles

two main glands located at the base of the bladder that open into the vas deferens, secrete thick fluid forming part of semen

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prostate gland

encircles upper end of urethra, secretes a fluid that aids in the movement of the sperm and ejaculation

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scrotum

sac suspended on both sides of and just behind the penis, enclosing testes

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penis

male organ of urination and copulation

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glans penis

enlarged tip on the end of the penis

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prepuce

fold of skin covering the glans penis in uncircumcised males (foreskin of penis)

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semen

composed of sperm, seminal fluids, other secretions

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genitalia

reproductive organs

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balan/o

glans penis

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epididym/o

epididymis

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orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o, test/o

testis, testicle

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prostat/o

prostate gland

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vas/o

vessel duct

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vesicul/o

seminal vessicle

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andr/o

male

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sperm/o, spermat/o

spermatozoon, sperm

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-ism

state of

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anorchism

state of absence of testis (unilateral, bilateral)

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balanitis

inflammation of the glans penis

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balanorrhea

discharge from the glans penis

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benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

excessive development pertaining to the prostate gland

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cryptorchidism

state of hidden testes

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epididymitis

inflammation of an epididymis

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orchiepididymitis

inflammation of the testis and epididymis

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orchitis, orchiditis, testitis

inflammation of the testis or testicle

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prostatitis

inflammation of the prostate gland

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prostatocystitis

inflammation of the prostate gland and bladder

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prostatolith

stone in the prostate gland

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prostatorrhea

discharge from the prostate gland

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prostatovesiculitis

inflammation of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles

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erectile dysfunction (ED)

inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection sufficient to perform sexual intercourse

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hydrocele

scrotal swelling caused by a collection of too much fluid

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phimosis

tightening of prepuce that prevents its retraction over the glans penis

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priapism

persistent abnormal erection of the penis accompanied by pain and tenderness

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prostate cancer

cancer of the prostate gland usually occurring later in life

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testicular cancer

cancer of the testicle

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testicular torsion

twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased blood flow to the testis, often considered a surgical emergency

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varicocele

enlarged veins of the spermatic cord

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balanoplasty

surgical repair of the glans penis

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epididymectomy

excision of an epididymis

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orchidectomy, orchiectomy

excision of the testis

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orchidopexy, orchiopexy

surgical fixation of a testicle (bring undescended testicles into the scrotum

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orchidotomy, orchiotomy

incision into a testis

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orchioplasty

surgical repair of a testis

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prostatectomy

excision of the prostate gland

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prostatolihotomy

incision into the prostate gland to remove a stone

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prostatocystotomy

incision into the prostate gland and bladder

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prostatovesiculectomy

excision of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles

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vasectomy

excision of a duct

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vasovasostomy

creation of artificial openings between ducts

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vesiculectomy

excision of the seminal vesicles

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circumcision

surgical removal of the prepuce

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hydrocelectomy

surgical removal of a hydrocele

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radical prostatectomy (RP)

excision of the prostate gland with its capsule, seminal vesicles, vas deferens
used to treat prostate cancer

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suprapubic prostatectomy

excision of the prostate gland through an abdominal incision made above the pubic bone and through an incision in the bladder
treat prostatic hyperplasia, prostate cancer

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transurethral incision of the prostate gland (TUIP)

a surgical procedure that widens the urethra by making a few small incisions in the bladder neck and prostate gland, no prostate tissue is removed

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transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT)

a treatment that eliminates excess tissue present in benign prostatic hyperplasia by using heat generated by microwave

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transurethral resection of the prostate gland (TURP)

surgical removal of pieces of the prostate gland tissue by using a resectoscope inserted through the urethra, capsule left intact, usually performed when the enlarged prostate gland interferes with urination

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transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)

an ultrasound procedure used to diagnose prostate cancer

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prostate-specific antigen (PSA)

a blood test that measures the level of prostate-specific antigen in the blood
elevated results-prostate cancer

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semen analysis

microscopic observation of ejaculated semen revealing the size, structure, movement of sperm
used to determine- infertility, effectiveness of vasectomy

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digital rectal examination (DRE)

a physical examination in which the physician inserts the finger into the rectum and feels for the size and shape of the prostate gland through the rectal wall
screens for- BPH, cancer of prostate

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andropathy

disease of the male

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aspermia

condition of being without sperm

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oligospermia

condition of scanty sperm

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spermatolysis

dissolution of sperm

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acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

a disease that affects the bodys immune system, transmitted by exchange of body fluid during sexual act

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artificial insemination

introduction of semen into the vagina by artificial means

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azoospermia

lack of live sperm in the semen

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chlamydia

a sexually transmitted disease (silent STD)

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coitus

sexual intercourse between a male and female

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condom

cover for a penis worn during coitus to prevent conception and the spread of sexually transmitted disease

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ejaculation

ejection of semen from the male urethra

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genital herpes

sexually transmitted disease

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gonads

male and female sex glands

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gonorrhea

contagious, inflammatory sexually transmitted disease caused by bacterial organism that affects the mucous membranes of the genitourinary system

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heterosexual

person who is attracted to a member of the opposite sex

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homosexual

person who is attracted to a member of the same sex

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human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

a type of retrovirus that causes AIDS, HIV, infects T helper cells of the immune system allowing for opportunistic infections

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human papillomavirus (HPV)

a prevalent sexually transmitted disease causing benign or cancerous growths in male and female genitals

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infertility

reduced or absent ability to produce offspring

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orgasm

climax of sexual stimulation

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puberty

period when secondary sex characteristics develop and the ability to reproduce sexually begins

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sexually transmitted disease (STD)

diseases transmitted during sexual contact

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sterilization

process that renders an individual unable to produce offspring

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syphilis

chronic infection caused by bacterium which is usually transmitted by sexual contact

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trichomoniasis

a sexually transmitted disease caused by a one cell organism, infecting the genitourinary tract

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AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

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BPH

benign prostatic hyperplasia

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DRE

digital rectal examination

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ED

erectile dysfunction

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HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

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HPV

human papillomavirus

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PSA

prostate specific antigen

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RP

radical prostatectomy

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STD

sexually transmitted disease

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TRUS

transrectal ultrasound

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TUIP

transurethral incision of the prostate

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TUMT

transurethral microwave thermotherapy

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TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate