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Flashcards in chapter 9 Deck (139):
1

gamete

mature germ cell (sperm, ovum)

2

ovulation

expulsion of a mature ovum from an ovary

3

conception, fertilization

beginning of pregnancy when sperm enters the ovum
fertilization normally occurs in uterine tubes

4

zygote

cell formed by the union of the sperm and ovum

5

embryo

unborn offspring in the stage of development from implantation of the zygote to the end of the eighth week of pregnancy

6

fetus

unborn offspring from the beginning of the ninth week of pregnancy until birth

7

gestation, pregnancy

development of a new individual from conception to birth

8

gestation period

duration of pregnancy (38-42wks)

9

implantation

embedding of the zygote in the uterine lining
7 days after fertilization

10

placenta, afterbirth

structure grows on wall of uterus during pregnancy allows for nourishment of the unborn child

11

amniotic, amnionic, sac

membraneous bag that surrounds the fetus before delivery

12

chorion

outermost layer of the fetal membrane

13

amnion

innermost layer of the fetal membrane

14

amniotic, amnionic, fluid

fluid within the amniotic sac, surrounding the fetus

15

amni/o, amnion/o

amnion, amniotic fluid

16

chori/o

chorion

17

embry/o

embryo, to be full

18

fet/o, fet/i

fetus, unborn child

19

gravid/o

pregnancy

20

lact/o

milk

21

nat/o

birth

22

omphal/o

umbilicus, navel

23

par/o, part/o

bear, give birth to, labor, childbirth

24

puerperhead/o

childbirth

25

cephal/o

head

26

esophag/o

esophagus

27

pelv/o, pelv/i

pelvic bone, pelvis

28

prim/i

first

29

pseud/o

false

30

pylor/o

pylorus

31

terat/o

malformations

32

ante-, pre-

before

33

micro-

small

34

multi-

many

35

nulli-

none

36

post-

after

37

-amnios

amnion, amniotic fluid

38

-cyesis

pregnancy

39

-e

noun suffix

40

-is

noun suffix

41

-partum

childbirth, labor

42

-rrhexis

rupture

43

-tocia

birth labor

44

-um

noun suffix

45

-us

noun suffix

46

amnionitis

inflammation of the amnion

47

chorioamnionitis

inflammation of the chorion and amnion

48

choriocarcinoma

cancerous tumor of the chorion

49

dystocia

difficult labor

50

hysterorrhexis

rupture of the uterus

51

oligohydramnios

scanty amnio water

52

polyhydramnios

much amnion water

53

abortion

termination of pregnancy by the expulsion from the uterus of an embryo before fetal viability

54

abruption placenta

premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall

55

eclampsia

severe complication and progression of preeclampsia characterized by convulsion

56

ectopic pregnancy

pregnancy occurring outside the uterus, uterine tubes

57

placenta previa

abnormally low implantation of the placenta on the uterine wall completely or partially covering the cervix

58

preeclampsia

abnormal condition encountered during pregnancy or shortly after delivery
characterized by high blood pressure, edema, proteinuria

59

microcephalus

fetus with a very small head

60

omphalitis

inflammation of the umbilicus

61

omphalocele

herniation at the umbilicus

62

pyloric stenosis

narrowing pertaining to the pyloric sphincter

63

tracheoesophageal fistula

abnormal passageway pertaining to the esophagus and the trachea

64

cleft lip and palate

congenital split of the lip and the roof of the mouth

65

down syndrome

genetic condition characterized by varying degrees of mental retardation and multiple defects

66

erythroblastosis fetalis

condition of the newborn characterized by hemolysis of erythrocytes
caused by incompatibility of mother and infant blood

67

esophageal atresia

congenital absence of part of the esophagus
food cant pass from babys mouth to stomach

68

fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)

condition caused by excessive alcohol consumption by the mother during pregnancy
causes birth defects, malformations

69

gastroschisis

congenital fissure of the abdominal wall not at the umbilicus

70

respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)

respiratory complication in the newborn(esp premature infant)

71

spina bifida

congenital defect in the vertebral column caused by the failure of the vertebral arch to close

72

amniotomy

incision into the amnion

73

episiotomy

incision of the vulva

74

pelvic sonography

pertaining to the pelvis, process of recording sound to evaluate the fetus and pregnancy

75

amniocentesis

surgical puncture to aspirate amniotic fluid
assessment of fetal health and maturity

76

amnioscope

instrument used for visual examination of the amniotic fluid (and fetus)

77

amnioscopy

visual examination of amniotic fluid (and fetus)

78

amniochorial

pertaining to the amnion and chorion

79

amniorrhea

discharge (escape) of amniotic fluid

80

amniorrhexis

rupture of the amnion

81

antepartum

before childbirth

82

embryogenic

producing an embryo

83

embryoid

resembling an embryo

84

fetal

pertaining to fetus

85

gravida

pregnant

86

gravidopuerperal

pertaining to pregnancy and childbirth

87

intrapartum

within (during) labor and childbirth

88

lactic

pertaining to milk

89

lactogenic

producing milk (by stimulation)

90

lactorrhea

(spontaneous) discharge of milk

91

multigravida

many pregnancies

92

multipara (multip)

many births

93

natal

pertaining to birth

94

neonate

new birth

95

neonatologist

physician who studies and treats disorders of newborns

96

neonatology

study of the newborn

97

nulligravida

no pregnancies

98

nullipara

no births

99

para

birth

100

postnatal

pertaining to afterbirth (reference to newborn)

101

postpartum

after childbirth (reference to mother)

102

prenatal

pertaining to before birth (reference to newborn)

103

primigravida

first pregnancy

104

primipara (primip)

first birth

105

pseudocyesis

false pregnancy

106

puerpera

childbirth

107

puerperal

pertaining to (immediately after) childbirth

108

teratogen

any agent producing malformations (in developing embryo)
include: chemical and environmental factors

109

teratology

study of malformations (caused by teratogens)

110

breech presentation

birth position (butt, feet, knees emerge first)

111

cephalic presentation

birth position (any part of head emerges first) most common

112

cesarean section (CS, C-section)

birth of a baby through an incision in the mothers abdomen and uterus

113

colostrum

thin, milky fluid secreted by the breast during pregnancy and during the first days after birth before lactation begins

114

congenital anomaly

abnormality present at birth

115

in vitro fertilization (IVF)

method of fertilizing human ova outside the body and placing the zygote into the uterus

116

lactation

the secretion of milk

117

lochia

vaginal discharge after childbirth

118

meconium

first stool of the newborn (greenish-black)

119

midwife

individual who practices midwifery

120

midwifery

the practice of assisting in childbirth

121

obstetrician

physician who specializes in obstetrics

122

obstetrics (OB)

medical specialty dealing with pregnancy, childbirth, puerperium

123

parturition

act of giving birth

124

premature infant

infant born before completing 37 weeks of gestatation

125

puerperium

period from delivery until the reproductive organs return to normal (6wks)

126

quickening

the first feeling of movement of the fetus in utero by the pregnant woman (16-20wks)

127

stillborn

born dead

128

CS, C-section

cesarean section

129

DOB

date of birth

130

EDD

expected date of delivery

131

FAS

fetal alcohol syndrome

132

IVF

in vitro fertilization

133

LMP

last menstrual period

134

multip

multipara

135

NB

newborn

136

OB

obstetrics

137

primip

primipara

138

RDS

respiratory distress syndrome

139

VBAC

vaginal birth after cesarean section