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Flashcards in chapter 8 Deck (143):
1

ovaries

pair of almond shaped organs located in the pelvic cavity
egg cells are formed and stored

2

ovum

female egg cell

3

graafian follicles

microscopic sacs that make up ovaries

4

uterine, fallopian tubes

pair of 5in tubes, attached to uterus
provide a pathway for ovum to move from ovary to uterus

5

fimbria

fingerlike projection at the free end of the uterine tube

6

uterus

pearsized/shape muscular organ in pelvic cavity
menstruation, pregnancy, labor

7

endometrium

inner lining of theuterus

8

myometrium

muscular middle layer of the uterus

9

perimetrium

outer, thin layer that covers the surface of the uterus

10

corpus, body

large central portion of the uterus

11

fundus

rounded upper portion of the uterus

12

cervix (Cx)

narrow lower portion of the uterus

13

vagina

a 3in tube that connects he uterus to the outside of the body

14

hymen

fold of membrane found near the opening of vagina

15

rectouterine pouch

pouch between the posterior wall of the uterus and the anterior wall of the rectum

16

bartholin glands

pair of mucus producing glands locate on each side of the vagina and just above the vaginal opening

17

mammary glands, breasts

pair of milk producing glands of the female

18

mammary papilla

breast nipple

19

areola

pigmented area around the breast nipple

20

vulva, external genitalia

2 pairs of lips that surround the vagina

21

clitoris

highly erogenous erectile body located anterior to the urethra

22

perineum

pelvic floor in both the male and female
area between the vaginal opening and the anus

23

arche/o

first, beginning

24

cervic/o

cervix

25

colp/o, vagin/o

vagina

26

culd/o

cul-de-sac

27

episi/o, vulv/o

vulva

28

gynec/o, gyn/o

woman

29

hymen/o

hymen

30

hyster/o, metr/o, metr/i

uterus

31

mamm/o, mast/o

breast

32

men/o

menstruation

33

oophor/o

ovary

34

perine/o

perineum

35

salping/o

uterine tube (fallopian tube)

36

peri-

surrounding (outer)

37

-atresia

absence of a normal body opening, occlusion, closure

38

-salpinx

uterine tube (fallopian tube)

39

amenorrhea

absence of menstrual discharge

40

bartholin adenitis

inflammation of a bartholin gland

41

cervicitis

inflammation of the cervix

42

colpitis, vaginitis

inflammation of the vagina

43

dysmenorrhea

painful menstrual discharge

44

endocervicitis

inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix

45

endometritis

inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus

46

hematosalpinx

blood in the uterine tube

47

hydrosalpinx

water in the uterine tube

48

hysteratresia

closure of the uterus(uterine cavity)

49

mastitis

inflammation of the breast

50

menometrorrhagia

rapid flow of blood from the uterus at menstruation

51

menorrhagia

rapid flow of blood at menstruation

52

metrorrhagia

rapid flow of blood from the uterus

53

myometritis

inflammation of the uterine muscle

54

oligomenorrhea

scanty menstrual flow (less often)

55

oophoritis

inflammation of the ovary

56

perimetritis

inflammation surrounding the uterus

57

pyosalpinx

pus in the uterine tube

58

salpingitis

inflammation of the uterine tube

59

salpingocele

hernia of the uterine tube

60

vulvovaginitis

inflammation of the vulva and vagina

61

adenomyosis

growth of endometrium into the muscular portion of the uterus

62

breast cancer

malignant tumor of the breast

63

cervical cancer

malignant tumor of the cervix
cellular dysplasia->carcinoma
cause is linked to HPV infection

64

endometrial cancer

malignant tumor of the endometrium

65

endometriosis

abnormal condition in which the endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus in various areas in the pelvic cavity

66

fibrocystic breast disease

a disorder characterized by one or more benign cysts in the breast

67

fibroid tumor

benign fibroid tumor of the uterine muscle

68

ovarian cancer

malignant tumor of the ovary

69

pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

inflammation of the female pelvic organs

70

prolapsed uterus

downward displacement of the uterus into the vagina

71

toxic shock syndrome (TSS)

severe illness characterized by high fever, rash, vomiting, diarrhea, shock, possible death
usually affects menstruating women using tampons

72

vesicovaginal fistula

abnormal opening between the bladder and the vagina

73

cervicectomy

excision of the cervix

74

colpoperineorrhaphy

suture of the vagina and perineum

75

colpoplasty

surgical repair of the vagina

76

colporrhaphy

suture of the vagina(wall)

77

episioperineoplasty

surgical repair of the vulva and perineum

78

episiorrhaphy

suture of a tear in the vulva

79

hymenectomy

excision of hymen

80

hymenotomy

incision of the hymen

81

hysterectomy

excision of the uterus

82

hysteropexy

surgical fixation of the uterus

83

hysterosalpiningo-oophorectomy

excision of the uterus, uterine tube, ovaries

84

mammoplasty

surgical repair of the breast

85

mastectomy

surgical removal of a breast

86

mastopexy

surgical fixation of the breast

87

oophorectomy

excision of an ovary

88

perineorrhaphy

suture of a tear in the perineum

89

salpingostomy

creation of an artificial opening in a uterine tube

90

vulvectomy

excision of the vulva

91

anterior and posterior colporrhaphy (A&P repair)

surgical repair of a weakened vaginal wall to correct a cystocele and a rectocele

92

conization

the surgical removal of a cone shaped area of the cervix
used in the treatment for noninvasive cervical cancer

93

dilation and curettage (D&C)

dilation (widening) of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium
performed to diagnose disease, correct bleeding, empty uterine contents

94

endometrial ablation

procedure to destroy or remove the endometrium by the use of thermal or laser energy
treat: abnormal uterine bleeding

95

laparoscopy or laparoscopic surgery

visual examination of the abdominal cavity
use: surgical procedures- tubal sterilization, hysterectomy, oophorectomy, biopsy

96

myomectomy

excision of a fibroid tumor (myoma) from the uterus

97

sentinel lymph node biopsy

an injection of blue dye and/or radioactive isotope used to identify the sentinel lymph nodes, nodes removed and examined

98

stereotactic breast biopsy

technique that combines mammography and computer assisted biopsy to obtain tissue from a breast lesion

99

tubal ligation

closure of the uterine tube for sterilization by tying

100

uterine artery embolization (UAE)

minimally invasive procedure used to treat fibroids of the uterus by blocking arteries that supply blood to the fibroids, causing shrinkage

101

hysterosalpingogram

radiographic image of the uterus and uterine tubes

102

mammogram

radiographic image of the breast

103

mammography

radiographic imaging of the breast

104

sonohysterography (SHG)

process of recording the uterus by the use of sound

105

colposcope

instrument used for visual examination of the vagina (and cervix)

106

colposcopy

visual examination of the vagina (an cervix)

107

culdoscope

instrument used for visual examination of the douglas cul-de-sac (rectouterine pouch)

108

culdoscopy

visual examination of the douglas cul-de-sac (rectouterine pouch)

109

hysteroscope

instrument used for visual examination of the uterus (uterine cavity)

110

hysteroscopy

visual examination of the uterus (uterine cavity)

111

culdocentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from douglas cul-de-sac (rectouterine pouch)

112

transvaginal sonography (TVS)

an ultrasound procedure using a transducer placed in the vagina to obtain images of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, uterine tubes
use: diagnose masses, monitor pregnancy, evaluate ovulation for treatment of infertility

113

CA-125 (cancer antigen-125 tumor marker)

blood test used in the detection of ovarian cancer, monitor treatment

114

pap smear

a cytological study of cervical and vaginal secretions used to determine the presence of abnormal or cancerous cells (cervix most common)

115

gynecologist

physician who studies and treats diseases of women

116

gynecology (GYN)

study of women

117

gynopathic

pertaining to diseases of women

118

leukorrhea

white discharge from the vagina

119

mastalgia

pain in the breast

120

mastoptosis

sagging breast

121

menarche

beginning of menstruation

122

vaginal

pertaining to the vagina

123

vulvovaginal

pertaining to the vulva and vagina

124

dyspareunia

difficult or painful intercourse

125

fistula

abnormal passageway between two organs or between an internal organ and the body suface

126

hormone replacement therapy (HRT)

replacement of hormones, estrogen, progesterone to treat symptoms associated with menopause

127

menopause

cessation of menstruation (48-53yrs)

128

premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

syndrome involving physical and emotional symptoms in 10 days before menstruation

129

speculum

instrument for opening a body cavity to allow visual inspection

130

A&P repair

anterior and posterior colporrhaphy

131

Cx

cervix

132

D&C

dilation and curettage

133

FBD

fibrocystic breast disease

134

GYN

gynecology

135

HRT

hormone replacement therapy

136

PID

pelvic inflammatory disease

137

PMS

premenstrual syndrome

138

SHG

sonohysterography

139

TAH/BSO

total abdominal hysterectomy/bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

140

TSS

toxic shock syndrome

141

TVH

total vaginal hysterectomy

142

TVS

transvaginal sonography

143

UAE

uterine artery embolization