Chapter 7 Anatomy, Physiology, & Terinology Flashcards Preview

Prehospital Emergency Care > Chapter 7 Anatomy, Physiology, & Terinology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 Anatomy, Physiology, & Terinology Deck (162)
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1

What is anatomy?

refers to the structure of the body and the relation of its parts to one another.

2

What is physiology?

refers to the function of the living body and its parts.

3

What is the anatomical position of the human body?

body standing erect, facing forward, with arms down at the sides and palms facing forward.

4

If a patient is lying face up on his back?

Supine

5

If a patient is lying face down on his stomach?

Prone

6

if a patient is lying on left or right side?

Lateral recumbent position

7

If a patient is lying on his back with his upper body elevated at a 45 to 60 degree

Fowlers position

8

if a patient is lying on his back and his upper body is elevated at less than 45 degrees?

Semi-Fowler position

9

If a patient is lying on his back with the legs elevated higher than the head and body on an inclined plane (head down legs up)

Tredelenburg position

10

Define the Shock position

feet and legs elevated

11

Are the Tredelenburg & shock position still used to treat patients in shock.

NO

12

what are anatomical planes?

Divisions of the body

13

Which plane is a vertical plane that runs lengthwise and divides the body into right and left segments

Sagittal plane (median plane)

14

Which plane divides the body into front and back halves

Frontal (coronal plane)

15

this plane is parallel with the ground and divides the body into upper or lower halves

Transverses plane (horizontal plane)

16

what line is it when you draw a line vertically through the body.

Midline

17

Define the Midaxillary line

vertically from the middle of the armpit down to the ankle

18

what is the anterior plane

the patient's front

19

What is the posterior plane

the Patients back

20

What is the superior plane?

above the waist

21

What is the inferior plane?

Below the waist

22

Towards the front is?

Anterior

23

Towards the back is

Posterior

24

What meaning is toward the head or above the point of reference?

Superior

25

What meaning is toward the feet or below the point of reference.

Inferior

26

define dorsal

toward the back bone or spine

27

define ventral

towards the front or belly

28

Define Medial

towards the center of the body

29

Define Lateral

left or right side of the midline

30

Define Bi-lateral

on both sides