Flashcards in Chest Injuries Chpt. 27 Deck (21):
Compression of the heart as a the result of buildup of blood or other fluid in the pericardial sac, leading to decreased cardiac output.
Cardiac Tamponade (Pericardial Tamponade)
An injury to the chest in which the skin is not broken, usually caused by blunt trauma
Closed chest injury
A blunt chest injury caused by a sudden direct blow to the chest that occurs only during the critical portion of the person's heartbeat.
A condition in which two or more places or in association with a fracture of the sternum so that a segment of the chest wall is effectively detached from the rest of the thoracic cage
A one-way valve that allows air to leave the chest cavity but not return; formed by taping three sides of an occlusive dressing to the chest wall, leaving the fourth side open as a valve.
The accumulation of blood and air in the pleural space of the chest
A collection of blood within the pleural cavity
A bruise of the heart muscle
A dressing made of Vaseline-impregnated gauze, aluminum foil, or plastic that protects a wound from air and bacteria
An injury to the chest in which the chest wall itself is penetrated by a fractured rib or, more frequently by an external object such as a bullet or a knife.
Open chest wound
An open or penetrating chest wall wound through which air passes during inspiration and expiration, creating a sucking sound; also referred to as a sucking chest wound.
The motion of the portion of the chest wall that is detached in a flail chest; the motion - in during inhalation, out during exhalation-is exactly the opposite of normal chest wall motion during breathing
The fibrous sac that surrounds the heart
An accumulation of air r gas in the pleural cavity
Injury or bruising of lung tissue that result in hemorrhage
Any pneumothorax that is free from significant physiologic changes and does not cause drastic changes in the vital signs of the patient
A pneumothorax that occurs when a weak area lung ruptures in the absence of major injury, allowing air to leak into the pleural space.
An open or penetrating chest wall wound trough which air passes during inspiration and expiration, creating a sucking sound. See also open pneumothorax
Sucking chest wound
An accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity that progressively increases pressure in the chest that interferes with cardiac function with potentially fatal results