Chest Injuries Chpt. 27 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chest Injuries Chpt. 27 Deck (21):
1

Compression of the heart as a the result of buildup of blood or other fluid in the pericardial sac, leading to decreased cardiac output.

Cardiac Tamponade (Pericardial Tamponade)

2

An injury to the chest in which the skin is not broken, usually caused by blunt trauma

Closed chest injury

3

A blunt chest injury caused by a sudden direct blow to the chest that occurs only during the critical portion of the person's heartbeat.

Commotio cordis

4

A condition in which two or more places or in association with a fracture of the sternum so that a segment of the chest wall is effectively detached from the rest of the thoracic cage

Flai chest

5

A one-way valve that allows air to leave the chest cavity but not return; formed by taping three sides of an occlusive dressing to the chest wall, leaving the fourth side open as a valve.

Flutter valve

6

The accumulation of blood and air in the pleural space of the chest

Hemopneumothorax

7

A collection of blood within the pleural cavity

Hemothorax

8

A bruise of the heart muscle

Myocardial contusion

9

A dressing made of Vaseline-impregnated gauze, aluminum foil, or plastic that protects a wound from air and bacteria

Occlusive dressing

10

An injury to the chest in which the chest wall itself is penetrated by a fractured rib or, more frequently by an external object such as a bullet or a knife.

Open chest wound

11

An open or penetrating chest wall wound through which air passes during inspiration and expiration, creating a sucking sound; also referred to as a sucking chest wound.

Open pneumothorax

12

The motion of the portion of the chest wall that is detached in a flail chest; the motion - in during inhalation, out during exhalation-is exactly the opposite of normal chest wall motion during breathing

Paradoxical motion

13

The fibrous sac that surrounds the heart

Pericardium

14

An accumulation of air r gas in the pleural cavity

Pneumothorax

15

Injury or bruising of lung tissue that result in hemorrhage

Pulmonary contusion

16

Any pneumothorax that is free from significant physiologic changes and does not cause drastic changes in the vital signs of the patient

Simple pneumothroax

17

A pneumothorax that occurs when a weak area lung ruptures in the absence of major injury, allowing air to leak into the pleural space.

Spontaneous Pneumothorax

18

An open or penetrating chest wall wound trough which air passes during inspiration and expiration, creating a sucking sound. See also open pneumothorax

Sucking chest wound

19

Rapid respirations

Tachypnea

20

An accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity that progressively increases pressure in the chest that interferes with cardiac function with potentially fatal results

Tension pneumorthorax

21

A pattern of injuries seen after a sever force is applied to the chest, forcing blood from the great vessels back into the head and neck

Traumatic asphyxia