Environmental Emergencies Chpt. 30 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Environmental Emergencies Chpt. 30 Deck (25):
1

Air bubbles in the blood vessels

Air embolism

2

The temperature of the surrounding environment

Ambient temperature

3

A serum that counteracts the effect of venom from an animal or insect

Antivenin

4

Common name for decompression sickness

Bends

5

Loss of consciousness caused by a decreased breathing stimulus

Breath-holding syncope

6

The loss of heat by direct contact (ie. when a body part comes in contact with a colder object)

Conduction

7

The loss of body heat caused by air movement

Convection

8

The temperature of the central part of the body

Core Temperature

9

A painful condition seen in divers who ascend too quickly in which gas, especially nitrogen, forms bubbles in the blood vessels and other tissues; also called "the bends"

Decompression sickness

10

Slowing of the heart rate caused by submersion in cold water

Diving reflex

11

The process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion or immersion in liquid

Drowning

12

Any sign and symptoms caused by the difference between the surrounding atmospheric pressure and the total gas pressure in carious tissues, fluids, and cavities of the body

Dysbarism injuries

13

Conversion of water or another fluid from a liquid to a gas

Evaporation

14

Damage to tissues as the result of exposure to cold; frozen body parts

Frostbite

15

Painful muscle spasms usually associated with vigorous activity in a hot environment

Heat cramps

16

A form of heat injury in which the body loses significant amounts of fluid and electrolytes because of heavy sweating; also called heat prostration or heat collapse

Heat exhaustion

17

A life threatening condition of severe hyperthermia caused by expose to excessive natural or artificial heat, marked by war, dry skin; severely altered mental status; and otfen irreversible coma

Heat stroke

18

A family of insects that includes bees, wasps, ants and yellow jackets

Hymenoptera

19

A condition in which the body core temperature rises to 101°F (38.3°C) or more

Hyperthermia

20

A condition in which the body core temperature falls below 95°F (35°C) after exposure to a cold enviroment

Hypothermia

21

The transfer of heat to colder objects in the environment by radiant energy; for example heat gain from a fire

Radiation

22

The loss of body heat as warm air in the lungs is exhaled into the atmosphere and cooler air is inhaled

Respiration

23

A triage process in which efforts are focused on those who are in respiratory and cardiac arrest, and different from conventional triage where such patients would be classified as deceased. Used in triaging multiple victims of lightning stirke

Reverse Triage

24

A system that delivers air to the mouth and lungs at various atmospheric pressure, increasing with the depth of the dive; stands for self contained underwater breathing apparatues

SCUBA

25

The ability of the skin to resist deformation; tested by gently pinching skin on the forehead or back of the hand

Turgor