Pediatric Emergencies Chpt. 32 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pediatric Emergencies Chpt. 32 Deck (24):
1

Children between 12 to 18 years of age

Adolescents

2

An event that causes unresponsiveness, cyanosis and apnea in an infant who then resumes breathing with stimulation

Apparent life-threatening event (ALTE)

3

Turning white

Blanching

4

Slow respiratory rate; ominous sign in a child that indicates impending respiratory arrest

Bradypnea

5

Pulses that are closest to the core (central) part of the body where the vital organs are located; include the carotid, femoral and apical pulses

Central pulses

6

A general term applying to all forms of child abuse and neglect

Child abuse

7

A seizure that features rhythmic back and fourth motion of an extremity and body stiffness

Generalized tonic-clonic seizure

8

The first year of life

Infancy

9

A "Uh" sound heard during exhalation; reflects the child's attempt tp keep the alveoli open; sign of increased work of breathing

Grunting

10

The external opening of the nostrils. a=A single nostril opening is called a naris

Nares

11

Refusal of failure on the part of the caregiver to provide life necessities

Neglect

12

A form of bacterial meningitis characterized by rapid onset of symptoms, often leading to shock and death

Neisseria meningitides

13

A structured assessment tool that allows you to rapid form a general impression of the infant or child without touching him or her; consists of assessing appearance, work of breathing and circulation of the skin

Pediatric assessment triangle (PAT)

14

A tape used to estimate an infant or child's weight on the basis of length; appropriate drug does and equipment sizes are listed on the tape

Pediatric Resuscitation tape measure

15

A specialized medical practice devoted to the care of the young

Pediatrics

16

An acute infectious disease characterized by a catarrhal stage, followed by a paroxysmal cough that ends in a whooping inspiration. Also called whooping cough

Pertussis

17

Children between 3 to 6 years of age

Preschool-age

18

Children between 6 to 12 years of age

School-age

19

A syndrome seen in abused infants and children; the patient has been subjected to violent, whiplash-type shaking injuries inflicted by the abusing individual that may cause coma, seizures and increased intracranial pressure due to tearing of the cerebral veins with consequent bleeding into the brain

Shaken baby syndrome

20

Optimum neutral head position for the uninjured child who requires airway management

Sniffing position

21

Death of an infant or a young child that remains unecplained after a complete autopsy

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

22

The period following infancy until 3 years of age

Toddler

23

Increased respiratory rate

Tachypnea

24

An indicator of oxygenation and ventilation. Work of breathing reflects the child's attempt to compensate for hypoxia

Work of breathing