Pharmacology Chpt. 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pharmacology Chpt. 7 Deck (49):
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The process by which medications travel through body tissues until they reach the blood stream

Absorption

1

The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body

Action

2

An oral medication that binds and adsorbs infested toxins in the gastrointestinal tract from treatment of some poisoning and medication overdose. Charcoal is ground into a very fine powder that provides the greatest possible surface area for binding medications that have been taken by mouth; it is carried on EMS unit.

Activated charcoal

3

The process of binding or sticking to a surface

Adsorption

4

A medication that causes stimulation of the receptors

Agonist

5

A medication that binds to a receptor and blocks other medications

Antagonist

6

A medication that is an antipyretic (reduce fever), analgesic (reduce pain), anti-inflammatory (reduces inflammation), and potent inhibitor of playlet aggregation (clumping).

Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid or ASA)

7

Conditions that make a particular medication or treatment inappropriate, for example, a condition in which a medication should not be given because it would not help or may actually harm the patient

Contraindications

8

The amount of medication given on the basis of the patients size and age

Does

9

When the EMT directly administers the medication to the patient

EMT -administered medication

10

Medications that enter the body through the digestive system

Enteral medication

11

A medication that increases heart rate and blood pressure but also eases breathing problems by decreasing muscle tone of the bronchioles tree; you may be allowed to help the patient self-administer is the medication

Epinephrine

12

A semiliquid substance that is administered orally in capsule form or though plastic tubes

Gel

13

The original chemical name of a medication (in contrast with one of its "trade names"); the name is not capitalized

Generic name

14

An abnormally low blood glucose level

Hypoglycemia

15

The therapeutic use for a specific medication delivery route.

Indications

16

Breathing into the lungs; a medication delivery route

Inhalation

17

The effect that medication is expected to have on the body

Intended effect

18

An injection into a muscle; a medication delivery route

Intramuscular (IM) injection

19

A delivery route in which medication is pushed through a specialized atomizer device called a mucosal atomizer device (MAD) into the nare.

Intranasal (IN)

20

Into the bone; a medication delivery route

Intraosseous (IO)

21

An injection directly into a vein; a medication delivery route

Intravenous (IV) injection

22

A chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease or relieve pain

Medication

23

A miniature spray canister through which droplets or particles of medication may be inhaled

Metered-dose inhaler (MDI)

24

A device that is used to change a liquid medication into a spray and pushes it into a nostril

Mucosal atomizer device (MAD)

25

A medication that increases cardiac perfusion by causing arteries to dilate; you may be allowed to help you the patient self-administer the medication

Nitroglycerin

26

By mouth; a medication delivery route

Oral

27

A simple sugar that is readily absorbed by the bloodstream; it is carried on the EMS unit.

Oral glucose

28

Medication that may be purchased directly by a patient without a prescription

Over the counter (OTC) medications

29

A gas that all cells need for metabolism; heart and brain, especially, cannot function without oxygen

Oxygen

30

Medication that enter the body by a route other than the digestive tract, skin or mucous membranes

Parenteral medications

31

When the EMT assists the patient with the administration of his or her own medications

Patient-assisted medication

32

When the EMT administers medication to him or herself or to a partner.

Peer-assisted medications

33

Through the mouth; a medication delivery route; same as oral

Per os (PO)

34

Through the rectum; a medication delivery route

Per rectumn(PR)

35

The process by which medication works on the body

Pharmacodynamics

36

The study of the properties and effects of medications

Pharmacology

37

The use of multiple medication on a regular basis.

Polypharmacy

38

Medication that are distributed to patients only by pharmacists according to a physician's order.

Prescription medications

39

Any effects of a medication other than the desired ones

Side effects

40

A liquid mixture that cannot be separated by filtering or allowing the mixture to stand.

Solution

41

Injection into the tissue between the skin and muscles; a medication delivery route

Subcutaneous (SC) injection

42

Under the tongue; a medication delivery route

Sublingual (SL)

43

A mixture of ground particles that are distributed evenly throughout a liquid but do not dissolve

Suspension

44

Lotions, creams, and ointments that are applied to the surface of the skin and affect only that area; a medication delivery route

Topical medications

45

The brand name that a manufacturer gives medication; the name is capitalized.

Trade name

46

Through the skin; medication delivery route

Transcutaneous (transdermal)

47

Actions that are undesirable but pose little risk to the patient

Unintended effect

48

Actions that can be harmful to the patient

Untoward effects