Pharmacology Chpt. 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pharmacology Chpt. 7 Deck (49)
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The process by which medications travel through body tissues until they reach the blood stream

Absorption

1

The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body

Action

2

An oral medication that binds and adsorbs infested toxins in the gastrointestinal tract from treatment of some poisoning and medication overdose. Charcoal is ground into a very fine powder that provides the greatest possible surface area for binding medications that have been taken by mouth; it is carried on EMS unit.

Activated charcoal

3

The process of binding or sticking to a surface

Adsorption

4

A medication that causes stimulation of the receptors

Agonist

5

A medication that binds to a receptor and blocks other medications

Antagonist

6

A medication that is an antipyretic (reduce fever), analgesic (reduce pain), anti-inflammatory (reduces inflammation), and potent inhibitor of playlet aggregation (clumping).

Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid or ASA)

7

Conditions that make a particular medication or treatment inappropriate, for example, a condition in which a medication should not be given because it would not help or may actually harm the patient

Contraindications

8

The amount of medication given on the basis of the patients size and age

Does

9

When the EMT directly administers the medication to the patient

EMT -administered medication

10

Medications that enter the body through the digestive system

Enteral medication

11

A medication that increases heart rate and blood pressure but also eases breathing problems by decreasing muscle tone of the bronchioles tree; you may be allowed to help the patient self-administer is the medication

Epinephrine

12

A semiliquid substance that is administered orally in capsule form or though plastic tubes

Gel

13

The original chemical name of a medication (in contrast with one of its "trade names"); the name is not capitalized

Generic name

14

An abnormally low blood glucose level

Hypoglycemia

15

The therapeutic use for a specific medication delivery route.

Indications

16

Breathing into the lungs; a medication delivery route

Inhalation

17

The effect that medication is expected to have on the body

Intended effect

18

An injection into a muscle; a medication delivery route

Intramuscular (IM) injection

19

A delivery route in which medication is pushed through a specialized atomizer device called a mucosal atomizer device (MAD) into the nare.

Intranasal (IN)

20

Into the bone; a medication delivery route

Intraosseous (IO)

21

An injection directly into a vein; a medication delivery route

Intravenous (IV) injection

22

A chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease or relieve pain

Medication

23

A miniature spray canister through which droplets or particles of medication may be inhaled

Metered-dose inhaler (MDI)

24

A device that is used to change a liquid medication into a spray and pushes it into a nostril

Mucosal atomizer device (MAD)

25

A medication that increases cardiac perfusion by causing arteries to dilate; you may be allowed to help you the patient self-administer the medication

Nitroglycerin

26

By mouth; a medication delivery route

Oral

27

A simple sugar that is readily absorbed by the bloodstream; it is carried on the EMS unit.

Oral glucose

28

Medication that may be purchased directly by a patient without a prescription

Over the counter (OTC) medications

29

A gas that all cells need for metabolism; heart and brain, especially, cannot function without oxygen

Oxygen