Flashcards in Pharmacology Chpt. 7 Deck (49):
The process by which medications travel through body tissues until they reach the blood stream
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body
An oral medication that binds and adsorbs infested toxins in the gastrointestinal tract from treatment of some poisoning and medication overdose. Charcoal is ground into a very fine powder that provides the greatest possible surface area for binding medications that have been taken by mouth; it is carried on EMS unit.
The process of binding or sticking to a surface
A medication that causes stimulation of the receptors
A medication that binds to a receptor and blocks other medications
A medication that is an antipyretic (reduce fever), analgesic (reduce pain), anti-inflammatory (reduces inflammation), and potent inhibitor of playlet aggregation (clumping).
Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid or ASA)
Conditions that make a particular medication or treatment inappropriate, for example, a condition in which a medication should not be given because it would not help or may actually harm the patient
The amount of medication given on the basis of the patients size and age
When the EMT directly administers the medication to the patient
EMT -administered medication
Medications that enter the body through the digestive system
A medication that increases heart rate and blood pressure but also eases breathing problems by decreasing muscle tone of the bronchioles tree; you may be allowed to help the patient self-administer is the medication
A semiliquid substance that is administered orally in capsule form or though plastic tubes
The original chemical name of a medication (in contrast with one of its "trade names"); the name is not capitalized
An abnormally low blood glucose level
The therapeutic use for a specific medication delivery route.
Breathing into the lungs; a medication delivery route
The effect that medication is expected to have on the body
An injection into a muscle; a medication delivery route
Intramuscular (IM) injection
A delivery route in which medication is pushed through a specialized atomizer device called a mucosal atomizer device (MAD) into the nare.
Into the bone; a medication delivery route
An injection directly into a vein; a medication delivery route
Intravenous (IV) injection
A chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease or relieve pain
A miniature spray canister through which droplets or particles of medication may be inhaled
Metered-dose inhaler (MDI)
A device that is used to change a liquid medication into a spray and pushes it into a nostril
Mucosal atomizer device (MAD)
A medication that increases cardiac perfusion by causing arteries to dilate; you may be allowed to help you the patient self-administer the medication
By mouth; a medication delivery route
A simple sugar that is readily absorbed by the bloodstream; it is carried on the EMS unit.
Medication that may be purchased directly by a patient without a prescription
Over the counter (OTC) medications
A gas that all cells need for metabolism; heart and brain, especially, cannot function without oxygen
Medication that enter the body by a route other than the digestive tract, skin or mucous membranes
When the EMT assists the patient with the administration of his or her own medications
When the EMT administers medication to him or herself or to a partner.
Through the mouth; a medication delivery route; same as oral
Per os (PO)
Through the rectum; a medication delivery route
The process by which medication works on the body
The study of the properties and effects of medications
The use of multiple medication on a regular basis.
Medication that are distributed to patients only by pharmacists according to a physician's order.
Any effects of a medication other than the desired ones
A liquid mixture that cannot be separated by filtering or allowing the mixture to stand.
Injection into the tissue between the skin and muscles; a medication delivery route
Subcutaneous (SC) injection
Under the tongue; a medication delivery route
A mixture of ground particles that are distributed evenly throughout a liquid but do not dissolve
Lotions, creams, and ointments that are applied to the surface of the skin and affect only that area; a medication delivery route
The brand name that a manufacturer gives medication; the name is capitalized.
Through the skin; medication delivery route
Actions that are undesirable but pose little risk to the patient