Trauma Overview Chpt. 22 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Trauma Overview Chpt. 22 Deck (22):
1

Air bubbles in the arterial blood vessles

Arterial air embolism

2

An impact on the body by objects that cause injury without penetrating soft tissues or internal organs and cavities.

Blunt Trauma

3

A phenomenon in which speed causes a bullet to generate pressure waves, which cause damage distant from the bullet's path.

Cavitation

4

A brain injury that occurs when force is applied to the head and energy transmission trough brain tissue causes injury on the opposite side of original impact.

Coup-contrecoup brain injury

5

The slowing of an object

Deceleration

6

Resistance that slows a projectile, such as air.

Drag

7

An evaluation tool used to determine level of consciousness, which evaluates and assigns point value (scores) for eye opening, verbal response, and motor response, which are then totaled; effective in helping predict patient outcomes.

Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score

8

Awareness that unseen life-threatening injuries may exist when determining the mechanism of injury

Index of suspicion

9

The energy of a moving object

Kinetic Energy

10

The forces or energy transmission applied to the body that cause injury.

Mechanism of injury (MOI)

11

Emergencies that require EMS attention because of illnesses or conditions not caused by an outside force

Medical Emergencies

12

Trauma that affects more than one body system

Multisystem Trauma

13

Injury caused by object, such as knives and bullets, that pierce the surface of the body and damage internal tissues and organs.

Penetrating Trauma

14

The product of mass, gravity, and height, which is converted into kinetic energy and results in injury, such as from a fall

Potential energy

15

Any object propelled by force, such as a bullet by a weapon.

Projectile

16

Pulmonary trauma resulting from short-range exposure to the detonation of explosives.

Pulmonary blast injuries

17

A scoring system used for patients with head trauma.

Revised Trauma Score (RTS)

18

The path a projectile takes once it is propelled

Trajectory

19

Emergencies that are the result of physical forces applied to a patient's body.

Trauma emergencies

20

A score that relates to the likeihood of patient survival with the exception of severe head injury . It calculates a number from 1 to 16, with 16 being the best possible score. It takes into account the GCS score, respiratory rate, respiratory expansion, systolic blood pressure and capillary refill.

Trauma score.

21

The eardrum; thin, semitransparent membrane in the middle ear that transmit sound vibrations to the internal ear by means of auditory ossicles.

Tympanic membrane

22

The product of force times distance

Work