Patient Assessment Chpt. 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Patient Assessment Chpt. 8 Deck (71)
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1

The secondary muscles of respiration. They include the neck muscles (Sternocleirdomastiods) the chest pectoralis major muscles, and the abdominal muscles

Accessory Muscles

2

To listen to sounds within an organ with a stethoscope.

Auscultate

3

A method of assessing the level of consciousness by determining whether the patient is awake and alert responsive to verbal stimuli or pain, or unresponsive; used principally early in the assessment process.

AVPU Scale

4

The pressure of circulating blood against the walls of the arteries.

Blood Pressure

5

A slow heart rate, less then 60 beats/min

Bradycardia

6

An indication of air movement in the lungs, usually assessed with a stethoscope.

Breath sounds

7

A test that evaluates distal circulatory system function by squeezing (blanching blood from an area such as a nail bed and watch the speed of its return after releasing the pressure.

Capillary Refill

8

A noninvasive method that can quickly and efficiently provide information on a patients ventilatory status, circulation and metabolism

Capnography

9

The use of a capnometer, a device that measures the amount of expired carbon dioxide.

Capnometry

10

Carbon dioxide is a component of air and typically makes up 0.3% of air at sea level. It is also a waste product exhaled during expiration by the respiratory system.

Carbon Dioxide

11

The reason a patient called for help; also the patients response to quetions such as "whats wrong?" or "What happen?"

Chief complaint.

12

To form a clot to plug an opening in an injured blood vessel and stop bleeding.

Coagulate

13

Capnometer or end-tidal carbon dioxide detectors are devices that use a chemical reaction to detect the amount of carbon dioxide present in expired gases by changing colors (qualitative measurement rather than quantitative)

Colorimetric devices

14

The delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposed surface of the eye

Conjunctiva

15

A grating or grinding sensation caused by fractured bone ends or joints rubbing together; also air bubbles under the skin that produce a crackling sound or crinkly feeling

Crepitus

16

A bluish gray skin color that is caused by a reduced level of oxygen in the blood

Cyanosis

17

a Mnemonic for assessment in which each area of the body is evaluated for deformities, Contusions, Abrasions, Punctures/Penetrations, Burns, Tenderness, Lacerations and Swelling

DCAP-BTLS

18

Characterized by profuse sweating

Diaphoretic

19

The pressure that remains in the arteries during the relaxing phase of the heart's cycle (diastole) when the left ventricle is at rest

Diastolic Pressure

20

The amount of carbon dioxide present in exhaled breath

End-tidal CO2

21

A type of physical assessment that is typically performed on patients who have sustained non-significant mechanisms of injury or on responsive medical patients. This type of examination is based on the chief complaint and focuses on one body system or part.

Focused assessment

22

Damage to tissues as the result of exposure to cold; frozen or partially frozen body parts

Frostbite

23

A systematic head-to-toe examination that is performed during the secondary assessment on a patient who has sustained a significant mechanism of injury, is unconscious or is in critical condition

Full-body Scan

24

The overall initial impression that determines the priority for patient care; based on the patient's surrounding, the mechanism of injury, signs and symptoms and the chief of complaint.

General impression

25

The time from injury to definitive care, during which treatment of shock and traumatic injuries should occur because survival potential is best.

Golden Period

26

Involuntary muscle contractions (Spasms) of the abdominal wall in an effort to protect an inflamed abdomen; a sign of peritonitis

Guarding

27

A step within the patient assessment process that provides detail about the patient's chief complaint and an account of the patient's signs and symptoms

History taking

28

Blood pressure that is higher then a normal range

Hypertension

29

Blood pressure that is lower than normal range.

Hypotension

30

A condition in which the internal body temperature falls below 95°F (35°C) after exposure to a cold environment

Hypothermia