Geriatric Emergencies Chpt. 33 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Geriatric Emergencies Chpt. 33 Deck (27):
1

A condition in which the walls of the aorta in the abdomen weaken and blood leaks into the layers of the vessel, casuing it to bulge

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)

2

Written documentation that specifies medical treatment for a competent patient should the patient become unsable to make decisions; also called living wills

Advance directives

3

An enlargement of a part of an artery, resulting from weakening of the arterial wall

Aneurysm

4

Fluid in the abdomen

Ascites

5

Clouding of the lens of the eye or its surrounding transparent membranes

Catacts

6

Also known as bedsores. These are sores caused by the pressure of skin against a surface firm surface for long period. These sores can range from pink discoloration of the skin to a deep wound that may invade into bone or organs

Decubitus ulcers

7

The formation of a blood clot within the larger veins of an extremity, typically following a period of prolonged immobilization

Deep venous thrombosis

8

A more or less sudden change in mental status marked by the inability to focus, think logically and maintain attention

Delirium

9

The slow onset of progressive disorientation, shortened attention span and loss of cognitive function

Demntia

10

Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing

Dyspnea

11

Any action on the part of an older persons family member, caregiver, or other associated person that takes advantage of the older persons person, property or emotional state; also called granny beating and parent battering

Elder abuse

12

The assessment and treatment of disease in someone who is 65 years or older

Geriatrics

13

A visual bulging of the jugular veins in the neck that can be caused by fluid overload, pressure in the chest, cardiac tomponade or tension pneumothorax

Jugular Vein Distention

14

A forward curling of the back caused by an abnormal increase in the curvature of the spine

Kyphosis

15

Black, Tarry stools

Melena

16

A bacterium that causes infections in different parts of the body and is often resistant to commonly used antibiotics; can be found on the skin, in surgical wounds in the bloodstream, lungs and urinary tract

Methicillin-Resistant Stphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)

17

A group of conditions in which the nerves leaving the spinal cord are damaged, resulting in distortion of signals to or from the brain

Neuropathy

18

A generalized bone disease , commonly associated with postmenopausal women, in which there is a reduction in the amount of bone mass leading to fractures after minimcal trauma in either sex

Osteoporosis

19

An abrasion of the stomach or small intestine

Peptic ulcer disease

20

An inflammation/ infection of the lung from a bacterial, viral or fungal cause

Pneumonia

21

The use of multiple medications by the patient as typically seen in elderly people.

Polypharmacy

22

An age-related condition of the ear that produces progressive bilateral hearing loss that is most noted at higher frequenceies

Presbycusis

23

A condition that causes a sudden blockage of the pulmonary artery by venous clot

Pulmonary embolism

24

A highly contagious virus that causes an infection of the upper and lower respiratory system

Respiratory syncytial virus

25

A fainting spell or transient loss of consciousness, often caused by an interruption of blood flow to the brain

Syncope

26

Pedal edema is a swelling of the foot and ankle caused by fluid overload; unilateral would present in only one extremity

Unilateral pedal edema

27

A bacterial infection that affects the urinary tract

Urinary tract infection