Orthopaedic Injuries Chpt. 29 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Orthopaedic Injuries Chpt. 29 Deck (32):
1

A simple joint where the bony projection of the scapula and the clavicle meet at the top of the shoulder

Acrominoclavicular (AC) joint

2

A pearly layer of specialized cartilage covering the articular surface (contact surface on the ends) of bones in synovial joints

Articular Cartilage

3

The heel bone

Calcaneus

4

A fracture in which the skin is not broken

Closed fracture

5

An elevation of pressure within a closed fascial compartment, characterized by extreme pain, decreased pain sensation, pain on stretching of affected muscles, and decreased power; frequently seen in fractures below the elbow or knee in children

Compartment Syndrome

6

A grating or grinding sensation or sound caused by fractured bone ends or joints rubbing together

CRepitus

7

Disruption of a joint in which ligaments are damaged and the bone ends are completely displaced

Dislocation

8

A fracture in which bone fragments are separated from one another and not in anatomic alignment

Displaced fracture

9

Bruising or discoloration associated with bleeding within or under the skin

Ecchymosis

10

The outer and smaller bone of the two bones of the lower leg

Fibula

11

A break in the continuity of a bone

Fracture

12

The part of the scapula that joins with the humeral head to form the glenohumeral joint

Gleniod fossa

13

Blood in urine

Hematuria

14

The place where to bones come in contact

Joint

15

A simple crack in the bone that as caused the bone to move from its normal anatomic position'; also called a hairline fracture

nondisplaced fracture

16

Any break in a bone in which the overlying skin has been damaged

Open fracture

17

Used to splint the bony pelvis to reduce hemorrhage from bone ends, venous disruption, and pain

Pelvic binders

18

Tenderness that is sharply localized at the site of the injury, found by gently papating along the bone with the tip of one finger

Point tenderness

19

A hand position in which the wrist is slightly dorsiflexed and all fingers joints are moderately flexed

Position of function

20

Return a dislocated joint or fractured bone to its normal position; set.

Reduce

21

The space between the abdominal cavity and the posterior abdominal wall, containing the kidneys, certain large vessels, and part of the gastrointestinal tract

Retroperitoneal space

22

The major nerve to the lower extremities; controls much of the muscle function in the leg and sensation in most of the leg and foot

Sciatic nerve

23

A bandage or material that helps to support the weight of an injured upper extremity

Sling

24

A flexible or rigid appliance used to protect and maintain the position of an injured extremity

Splint

25

A joint injury involving damage to supporting ligaments and sometimes partial or temporary dislocation of bone ends

Sprain

26

Stretching or tearing of a muscle; also called a muscle pull

Strain

27

A partial or incomplete dislocation

Sublexation

28

A bandage that passes around the chest to secure an injured arm to the chest

Swathe

29

The larger of the two lower leg bones responsible for supporting the major weight-bearing surface of the knee and the ankle; the shinbone

Tibia

30

The bleeding control method used when a wound continues to bleed despite the use of direct pressure and elevation; useful if the patient is bleeding severely from a partial or complete amputation

Tourniquet

31

Longitudinal force applied to a structure

Traction

32

The area of potentially damage soft tissue, adjacent nerves and blood vessels surrounding an injury to a bone or a joint

Zone of injury