Obstetrics and Neonatal Care Chpt. 31 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Obstetrics and Neonatal Care Chpt. 31 Deck (33):
1

A premature separation of the placenta from the wall of the uterus

Abruptio placenta

2

The fluid-filled, baglike membrane in which the fetus devolps

Amniotic Sac

3

A scoring system for assessing the status of a newborn that assigns a number value to each of five areas of assessment

Apgar Score

4

The vagina and cervix

Birth canal

5

A small amount of blood at the vagina that appears at the beginning of labor and may include a plug of pink -tinged mucus that is discharged when the cervix begins to dilate

Bloody Show

6

A delivery in which the buttocks comes out first

Breech presentation

7

Narrowest portion of the uterus that opens into the vagina

Cervix

8

The appearance of the infant's head at the vaginal opening during labor

Crowning

9

Seizures (convulsions) resulting from severe hypertension in a pregnant woman

Eclampsia

10

A pregnancy that develops outside the uterus, typically in a Fallopian tube

Ectopic prgnancy

11

The fertilzed egg that is the early stage of a fetus

Embryo

12

The lining of the inside of the uterus

Endometrium

13

A condition of infants who are born to women who consume alcohol during pregnancy; characterized by growth and physical problems, mental retardation and a variety of congenital abnormalities

Fetal alcohol syndrome

14

The developing, unborn infant inside the uterus

Fetus

15

The dome shaped top of the uterus

Fundus

16

Diabetes that develops during pregnancy in women who did not have diabetes before pregnacny

Gestational diabetes

17

A sensation felt by a pregnant patient when the fetus positions itself for delivery

Lightening

18

A delivery in which the presenting part is a single arm, leg or foot

Limb presentation

19

A dark green material in the amniotic fluid that can indicate distress or disease in the newborn; the meconium can be aspirated into the infant's lung during delivery; the infants first bowel movenment

Meconium

20

The passage of the fetus and placenta before 20 weeks; spontaneous abortion

Miscarriage

21

A woman who has had previous pregnancies

Multigravida

22

An umbilical that is wrapped around the infants neck

Nuchal cord

23

The tissue attached to the uterine wall that nourishes the fetus through the umbilical cord.

Placenta

24

A condition in which the placenta develops over and covers the cervix

Placenta previa

25

A condition of late pregnancy that involves headache, visual changes and swelling of the hands and feet; also called pregnancy-induced hypertension

Preeclampsia

26

A condition of late pregnancy that involves headache, visual changes and swelling of the hands and feet; also called preeclampsia

Pregnancy-induced hypertension

27

The position in which an infant is born; the part of the infant that appears first

Presentation

28

A woman who is experiencing her first pregnancy

Primagravida

29

A situation in which the umbilical cord comes out of the vagina before the infant

Prolapse of the umbilical cord

30

A developmental defect in which a portion of the spinal cord or meninges may protrude outside of the vertebrae and possibly even outside of the body, usually at the lower third of the lumbar area

Spina bifida

31

Low blood pressure resulting from compression of the inferior vena cava by the weight of the pregnant uterus when the mother is supine

Supine hypotensive syndrome

32

The conduit connecting mother to infant via the placenta; contains two arteries and one vein

Umbilical cord

33

A delivery in which the head comes out first

Vertex presntation