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Social Studies 9h > China > Flashcards

Flashcards in China Deck (24):
1

Zhou dynasty

Longest-lasting dynasty famous for cultural achievements/started semi nomadic, Mandate of Heaven/silk and rice/coins with holes

2

Order of Dynasties in china

Xia>>Shang>>Zhou>>Qin>>Han

3

Mandate of Heaven

Chinese political rulers were chosen by heavens

4

Confucianism

Set of guidelines to live a moral life devised by the philosopher Confucius- honor, respect/relationships, duty, rule by merit

5

Filial Piety (xiao)

Confucian notion of devotion to one's ELDERS/social harmony/citizenship

6

Analects

Division of the primary books of Confucianism

7

Warring States Period

Era in Chinese history/warfare between as many as 7 kingdoms each trying to unify China under control / beginning of QIN

8

Legalism/Han Feizi

People are by nature bad and must be punished in order to maintain order/codify/strictly enforce laws

9

Daoism/Taoism

"The Way", Govern least amount possible/Laozi founder/we should not try to control our destiny/nature, humans no duties

10

Shi Huangdi

First Emperor of Qin Dynasty/ built Great Wall/standardizes writing, measures, and unifies all of China/built great tomb for immortality/LEGALIST/STRICT

11

Great Wall of China

Largest man-made structure unified after 2000 years to protect from Noamdic groups/Shi Hiangdi

12

Qin Dynasty

first unified Chinese empire/original name of China/lasted only 15 years/imposed legalist government/built Great Wall (xiongnu) / civil authority and military authority and censorate/peasants taxed by state

13

Han Dynasty

After civil war after Qin/great economic/founder Liu Bang (nickname Han Gaozu)/cultural prosperity GOLDEN AGE/expanded into Vietnam and Korea/state Confucianism (civil service exams but same setup as Qin)

14

Han Wudi

6th empire Han Dynasty/silk Road/state confucianism

15

Xiongnu

Nomads threatened Qin/compelled to build great wall/roamed Central Asia

16

Book of Songs

Poems/hymns telling history of china

17

Civil Service

Exams to test merit/Confucianism idea so anyone and be govt official with proper merit

18

Wuwei

Idea of Daoism of nonaggression nonviolence/best sort of action is inaction/let life "flow" around you/

19

Patriarchal

China was a male dominated society

20

Chang'an

Capital of Han Dynasty

21

Zhang Qian

Dispatched by Han Wudi to ally with another nomadic group and defeat Xiongnu/expanded into Central Asia and built Silk Road after seeing other cultures

22

Sima Qian and Ban Gu

Political/ social historians explained reasons for rise and falls of individual humans/dynasties

23

Silk Road

Spread of Trade and Ideas (Buddhism)

24

Wang Mang

Daoist methods failed, end of Han until Liu Xiu reunited