The Americas Flashcards Preview

Social Studies 9h > The Americas > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Americas Deck (37):
1

Cuzco

Inca capital

2

quipu

a set of multicolored cotton cords knotted at intervals. used for keeping records in Inca

3

Tikal

Maya (Guatemala) capital, pyramids/trade center

4

Huitzilopochtli

Main Aztec sun/war god. Sacrificed hearts for him to delay destruction

5

Hieroglyphs

Mesoamerican writing systemideographic/phonetic like Sumerian and Egyptian

6

Toltecs

Warlike empire in central Mexico b4 Aztecs, Quetzalcoatl replaced warlike god

7

Quetzalcoatl

Feathered serpent Aztec deity

8

Tenochtitlan

Aztec capitalPresent day Mexico CityBuilt on an island in Lake Texcoco

9

Pre-Colombian

Period b4 European influence

10

Mita

Mandatory labor, ayllu relied on this labor tribute, Inca

11

Stratified

Class division (maya=elite and non-elite)

12

Popul Vuh

Sacred text of Ancient maya history/religion

13

Yucatan

Location of MayaPeninsula, lowland, extends north from Guatemala Mexico

14

Aztec

"Mexica", moved into valley of Mexico/lake Texcoco

15

Inca/Inka

Andes mt, military, imperial bureaucracy

16

Machi Picchu

Inca religious/agricultural civilization, high altitude in Andes mt

17

Quechua

Inca language (lingua franca of the state)

18

Lake Texcoco

Located in valley of Mexico (Aztecs of central Mexico)

19

Cosmology

Study of origin evolution and fate of the universe

20

Chichen Itza (lol chicken)

Maya city on Yucatan lowlands, coastal trade

21

mesoamerica

the area from Mexico through Central America to the isthmus of Panama

22

human sacrifice

Mayans and Aztecs to appease gods and delay the apocalypse

23

Olmec

lived in swampy jungles. advanced before the maya people. built stone heads

24

chavin

lived in the Andes. only lasted for 300 years

25

palenque

Great Maya city w/ famous art and architecture, abandoned

26

maya

Guatemala/Yacatan. City states. Chocolate/slash n burn/obsidian/ Calendar/astronomy/zero/sacrifice

27

teotihuacan

Aztec city. located in Mexico. metropolitan city. large population. 1/3 artisans. they had community house for 20-100 people. Religious

28

shifting cultivation

Land cultivated temporarily then abandoned to allow nutrients into soil while cultivator moved to another plot

29

chasquis

an inca messenger who was trained to memorize a relay messages

30

Chinampas

used by Aztecs. Floating gardens to adapt to dry climate

31

obsidian

dark volcanic glass used for tools and weapons. was also used as money

32

slash and burn

cutting down trees, burning the debris then using the land to farm.

33

jaguar

the temple of the grand jaguar is in Tikal

34

pok-a-tok

a maya ball game similar to basketball. the losers would b used as human sacrifice

35

Moche

Northern Peru after Chavin. Pottery and metalwork. Massive adobe pyramids. Warfare/Irrigation

36

cacao

used by Mayas as both an upperclass drink, chocolate and a type of money

37

maize

Corn