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Flashcards in Flashcards 1 Deck (40):
1

Animism

Belief that all nature, including freaking rocks, we're possessed by spirits ad had souls

2

Griot

Court musician or band who sang verbal records of the history of their tribes, leaders, regions at ceremonies

3

Unnavigable

Not being able to be sailed by ships or boats

4

Smooth coastline

When the coastline has few natural harbors/shallow water which is bad for trade from the sea

5

Savanna

Grassland ecosystem which makes up much of Africa w/ seasonal rains

6

Bantu

People who migrated through sub-Saharan Africa, spreading Iron Age agricultural technologies and their language

7

Desertification

The drying up of a region, obviously when a place turns into a desert you idiot

8

Zanzibar

A city and island off east coast

9

Songhai

Created from previous western African empires Ghana and Mali, TRADE w/ Arab and European

10

Sankore

Historic pyramid shaped mosque in Timbuktu

11

Wangara

Soninke clan specialized in gold trade, Islamic scholarship, and law

12

Trans-Saharan trade

Berbers transported goods by camels across NW Africa

13

Zambezi

River in S Africa

14

Zimbabwe

City located in sub-Saharan S Africa settled by Bantu farmers w/ gold

15

Khoisan

Unifying name of the S African San and Khoi people who share Bantu characteristics

16

Matrilineal

Kinship through the mother or female line

17

Patrilineal

Kinship through the father or male line

18

Noncentralized

Autonomous villages organized by clan and ruled by a local cheiftain or clan head

19

Zimbabwe

Powerful / prosperous state

20

Zambezi

River

21

Axum

South of Meroë, mountains near EthiopiaPart of the Red SeaObelisksStelae pillars

22

Meroë

Capital city, south of the Nile River

23

Nubia

Region of Africa near Egypt

24

Sahara

Desert in North Africa

25

Berber

Pastoral people in North Africa , most people in Africa can trace there lineage back to Berber

26

Bantu

Farming peoples who spread the knowledge of cultivation and iron working

27

Coptic

Egyptian form of Christianity

28

Nok

Northern Nigeria, active iron working society

29

Swahili

Cosmopolitan culture and mixed ruling familyArab words and phrases + Bantu grammatical structures (language)

30

Lineage group

A clan in African society

31

Al-Maghrib

Extent of Arab control in Africa

32

Ethiopia

Mountainous highlands near the Red Sea

33

Kilwa

Trading port, Husini Kubwa (massive, elaborate palace)

34

Sahel

Arabic for "coast" (relation to Swahili)Capital city of Ghana

35

Obelisks

Royal grave markersFuneral monuments

36

Ghana

One of te first great commercial states, upper Niger valley-- grassland between Sahara and West African coast Local communities united = Ghana kingdom

37

Mali

Greatest empire after the collapse of the Ghana empire

38

Timbuktu

Trading city on the Niger River

39

Gao

Fit's royal family to convert to Islam

40

Mansa Musa

One of the most powerful kings in Mali