Legit Islam Flashcards Preview

Social Studies 9h > Legit Islam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Legit Islam Deck (19):
1

Umma

Muslim community

2

Ulama

Panel of Muslim scholars who drew up Shari'a

3

Shari'a

Muslim code of lawsMade by Muslim scholars after Muhammad's deathGuide for Muslim daily life

4

Imam

Religious leader

5

Abu Bakr

1st caliph/successor (leader type guy) of the Islamic community after Muhammad's death

6

Jihad

Holy war

7

Umayyads

•Ruled a "newly created" Muslim empire (661-750CE)•Develops towards an empire/ culture uniquely Islamic•Islamic gov., architecture, and Qur'an = distinct forms that aided in cultural and religious identity

8

Mu'awiya

•5th caliphate, Umayyad dynasty•Governed Syria, took control after Ali's death•Damascus =capital

9

Andalusia

Name of the Muslim dominated region in southern Spain 8th-15th centuries

10

Granada

Important capital city of the taifa kingdoms in Spain, only surviving Muslim kingdom in Iberian Peninsula until 1492

11

Sunni

Majority ("orthodox") form of Islam*followers of the DIRECT TEACHINGS OF MUHAMMAD (Sunna)

12

Shi'ite

Followers of Muhammad's son-in-law Ali ibn Abi TalibChoose to follow THE FAMILY'S DESCENDANTS*Rose up against Umayyad rule

13

Abbasids

•2nd caliphal Islamic dynasty•Claimed descendants of Muhammad's uncle : Abu al-Abbas*Brought political, economical & cultural changes to Islamic world

14

Damascus

Busy city in Syria•Imperial capital of Umayyad empire: cultural, economic & political center

15

Baghdad

Capital of Abbasids dynasty; Tigris River

16

Dar al-Islam

Area of the world under Islamic rule

17

Mosque

Muslim place of worship(Center of Muslim life)

18

Muezzin

The Muslim who calls to prayer (5x a day)

19

Minaret

Towers attached to mosques, from tower muezzin calls to prayer (adban) 5x a day