Flashcards in Mesopotamia 10 21 14 Deck (61):
Massive boulders that cause rapid-like river conditions (forbade people to sail across the upper Nile)
Egyptian kings before the pharaohs (the uniting of upper and lower Egypt)
One of the first forms of writing (Sumerian writing)
The capital of Upper Egypt (in the Old Kingdom)
A massive, tiered, step pyramid-shaped (solid) structure. Located in the center of Mesopotamian cities, used for worship, and had stores around it
A series of rulers descending from one family line
Epic of Gilgamesh
One of the earliest works of literature. Included the tale of king Gilgamesh and the "flood story"
Leader of the Akkadians when they invaded Sumer
•Overtook the Sumerians around 1750bce•Created the Babylonian empire•famous for Hammurabi's code: first laws to be written down
Manipulating the land to have water flow easier for agriculture
Egyptian pictographic writing
Workers skilled in trade but with handmade objects like art
•acted like an independent country•had the same culture but each ha their own government, rulers, warriors, patron god, etc•included whatever was in the city walls and surrounding farmland
To arrange laws or rules into a systematic code
Ancient Indus Valley civilization, located in present day Pakistan along the Indus River
One of the most important region along the Nile river; northern Sudan & southern Egypt
A group or class of people seen as having the greatest and influence within a society, especially because of their wealth/privilege
The highest Egyptian officials who advised the Pharaoh
More than what is needed
The study of the properties of metals & their production/ purification
Ancient region in southern Mesopotamia present day; extreme southeastern Iraq (and other countries)
The first Sumerian city in Mesopotamia, present day Iraq
North of Sumer, ancient Babylonia
Name of the Egyptian kings from the new kingdom onward
A swampy plant that grows standing in water, used to make a paper-like material that the Egyptians used to write on
One of Southern Asia's longest rivers, runs through northern India and most of Pakistan
One of the most important vegetable fibers used for textiles
An object used as a charm, either to protect oneself, bring good luck or ward off evil
a gently sloped cone of soil and rock debris deposited by a stream as it leaves a steep, narrow valley and enters a broad, relatively flat plain.
Fertile, agricultural and pastoral land creating a horseshoe (semicircle) in the middle east where the first early civilizations formed
People who wrote/ recorded written documents (were the only ones who knew how to read and write)
A mountain range confining the northern Indian subcontinent
One of the major deities of ancient Egypt
An instrument used for impressing marks (kind of like a quilted pen)
The longest river in the world, runs through northeastern Africa and the middle of Egypt, empties out into the Mediterranean sea (fertile delta)
First ancient Indus River Valley civilization, present day Pakistan
A picture or picture signs used for communication (writing)
Giving human qualities to beings that are not human, objects, or phenomena in nature (personification) ~Human animal hybrid gods
The process of analyzing urban conditions, envisioning alternative urban futures, and designing/ implementing plans and policies to better manage the physical development of cities and urban regions
The process of preserving a human or animal body after death
Tigris and Euphrates
In between these two middle eastern rivers was the flourishment of ancient Mesopotamian civilizations
A social system in which men have authority over women and children, and have more rights than women
Relating to a division of the Afro-Asiatic languages that includes Hebrew and Arabic.
A hard gemstone that has been used for the carving of jewelry and small sculptures (since ancient times)
A systematic way to carry out access waste (away from houses and towns), first invented by the Harrappan civilization
a loose surface sediment originally formed by wind action; deposit of windblown, silty material.
Inscribed animal bones which preserved the earliest example of Chinese writing
A city in ancient Mesopotamia located beside the Euphrates River (southwest Asia)
A mountain range going through northern Pakistan and Afghanistan, the Khyber pass was the only way to access ancient India through these mountains
A structure with triangular sides, rises to a peak from a square, etc. base, made by the Egyptians to bury their Pharaohs
Also called the Yellow River in northeastern China, vulnerable to flooding, yellowish from the loess
A group of people or things classified according to their rank or grade
Capital of ancient Egypt and the chief city of the south (Upper Egypt).
Seasonal (dry/wet) winds that blow one way half of the year and the reverse way the other half of the year
Died symbols or inscriptions indicating ownership, and the impression they make
The capital of the Shang dynasty in northern China
Movement of people in social class
People of captures/conquered lands are used to make public works
"The Gift of the Nile"
The ancient Egyptians thought that the Nile was a blessing, they were thankful for their river in the middle of the desert and predictable flooding.
Ancient Chinese dynasty from 1700-1027 bc., they had the first written records, terrace farming, sharp division between kings, nobles and peasants, elites, etc.