Reformation Flashcards Preview

Social Studies 9h > Reformation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reformation Deck (26):
1

Relics

Tangible remains of significant historical people or objects associated with them (bones of saints, Jesus' cloth etc)

2

Ulrich Zwingli

Swiss Protestant reformer who abolished all paintings and decorations in a Catholic Church and became priest in Zürich-preacher abt reforming Catholic Church-influenced cities

3

Charles V

Charles I, King of Spain, elected holy roman emperor as Charles V. Unable to defeat Lutherans in Germany, issued a truce (peace of Augsburg), wants to preserve unity

4

Gutenberg

Invented movable-type printing in Europe

5

Indulgences

Piece of paper given by the pope which pardons your sins

6

Ignatius of Loyola

Spanish Knight who founded the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) leader of Counter-Reformation

7

Renaissance

Period of progress "rebirth" in Europe after the Dark Ages

8

Catholic Reformation

Revitalization of the RCC

9

Peace of Augberg

Truce between Lutheran and Catholic states that formally acknowledged the schism of Christianity

10

Medicis

Family who controlled Florence throughout much of the Italian Renaissance (starting with Cosimo de' Medici who controlled merchant oligarchy) patron of the arts

11

Hanseatic League

Commercial and defense (against robbers) association of German merchant guilds in N Europe

12

Thomas More

English humanist, wrote Utopia

13

Johann Tetzel

Roman Catholic preacher guys who Martin Luther disliked for giving out indulgences in exchange for money "As soon as the coin in the coffer rings the soul from purgatory springs"

14

King Henry VIII

English, created Anglicanism to divorce wife so he can remarry all dese hoes and get a boy

15

Act of Supremacy

Granted by the British parliament who voted to allow King Henry VIII to be the head of the Church of England, in which he est Anglicanism

16

Vernacular

The local easy language

17

Council of Trent

Meetings of high church officials b/w Germany and Italy in the city Trent to reaffirm Catholic teachings as opposed to Protestant beliefs

18

Diet of Worms

Deliberating council where Martin Luther stood in front of German rulers and defended his Protestant beliefs

19

Humanism

Movement when ppl are trying to fulfill their fullest potential

20

Machiavelli

From Florence, wrote "The Prince", the end justifies the means so be violent for ur power and stuff

21

Simony

Buying and selling something spiritual for secular goods (selling indulgences)

22

Excommunication

Abolish and individual or community from the church for violating church rules

23

Patronage

Commissioning for art done a lot by popes and govt leaders

24

Martin Luther

A monk who writes the 95 Theses and starts Lutheranism/The Protestant Reformation

25

John Calvin

Starts Calvinism in Switzerland which is a strict religion

26

Perspective

3D effect in 2D paintings