Middle Ages Flashcards Preview

Social Studies 9h > Middle Ages > Flashcards

Flashcards in Middle Ages Deck (25):
1

Abbot

Head of monatery

2

Monk

Man of religious community living under vows of poverty, chastity, obedience, and complete devotion

3

Clergy

Formal religious leaders

4

Interdict

And order- usually issued by the pope-withdrawing the support of the Roman Catholic Church from a person or country, prohibiting sacraments

5

Excommunication

An extreme punishment which bans you from church membership when a member violates church rules

6

Canon law

Body of laws made by the clergy (ecclesiastical authority) for the govt of a Christian organization

7

Papal

Of or relating to the pope or papacy (the bishop of Rome as head of the Roman Catholic Church)

8

Clovis

Founder of the Merovingian dynasty who unified the Frankish kingdoms and laid a foundation for Frankish power that was drawn from the Roman Empire. First Frankish king to convert to Christianity

9

Germanic tribes

Pastoral people of the steppe region who took advantage of Rome after the fall of the western Roman Empire. Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Franks, angles, and Saxons

10

Charlemangne

First Carolingian king of France, created "holy Roman Empire" allies w/ CHURCH build SCHOOLS expands SIZE of France spreads CHRISTIANITY

11

Missi Dominici

Messengers of the lord king, Carolingian royal officials chosen by the king to supervise the administration

12

Monasteries

Community of monks living together under religious vows

13

Holy Roman Empire

The dominant power in W and Central Europe through the Middle Ages and into the early modern pd run by the Roman Catholic Church and a secular arm

14

Feudalism

A political system of obligations between lords and vassals

15

Vassal

Someone who pledged loyalty or owed something to a lord in the feudal system

16

Lord

A noble who held land and gave to vassals

17

Serfs

Peasants bound to their land owned by a lord or landowner

18

Fief

An estate given by a lord to his vassal in return for military service and certain social obligations

19

Manorial ism

An economic feudal system where a serf and townspeople live on different manors within a fief

20

Barter

Exchange for goods or services without using money

21

Scandinavia

Ethno-cultural group with Germanic heritage in Northern Europe

22

Subsistence

Supporting oneself at minimum level

23

Vikings

Aggressive Scandinavian population known for ruthless raiding, commerce, and widespread settlement during the 8-11 centuries in Europe

24

Chivalry

Warrior code of knights

25

Knights

Horse warrior class who protected the king and the people in exchange for land and stuff