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Social Studies 9h > Persia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Persia Deck (18):
1

Qanat

a gently sloping underground tunnel for irrigation purposes in ancient Persia

2

Persian Wars

a war fought between the Persians and the rebelling Greeks. Fall of Achaemenid empire

3

Ahuramazda

the Supreme Being in Zoroastrianism in cosmic conflict with evil spirit Angra Mainyu

4

Zoroastrianism

the monotheistic religion of the Persian Empire/ Influenced modern religions by good vs evil idea of reward in heaven for a moral life

5

Darius

King of Achaemenid Persia (512-486) who expanded the empire (India) /organized a highly effective administrative system (satrap)/standardized silver coins/codified laws/built royal road and Persepolis/allowed Jews to return to temple Babylonians destroyed

6

Persepolis

the capital city of Persia in South West Iran

7

Cosmopolitan

Having constituent elements from all over the world or from many different parts of the world (originally Medes and Persians followed Aryan social structure)

8

Cyrus the Great

Founder of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. conquered Iran, Anatolia, Central Asia, Bactria, Babylonia. ruled from 560-530 bc. he was a merciful ruler. Died in battle, son Cambyses conquered Egypt

9

Alexander the Great

conquered the Persian Empire in 328 BC b/c better military tactics as heavier weapons to create Macedonian Empire

10

Satraps

the governors of the provinces in ancient Persia

11

Royal Road

a highway in ancient Persia leading to Susa for communication with Satraps and battle travel (ADMINISTRATIVE purposes)

12

Seleucid Empire

After Macedonian, Alexander's chief generals fought for throne and Selecus controlled largest section/attracts Greeks but opposition from Persians/Roman conflact ended

13

Sassanids

Empire centered in Mesopotamia after the Parthians which viewed itself as a restoration of the Persian Empire/Capital Ctesiphon/Islamic Arabs killed last ruler

14

Achaemenid

dynasty that ruled Persian empire from 559-332 BC. Cyrus and Darius ruled during this time

15

Parthian Empire

Invaded Persian empire after Seleucids/based in Iran/customs of nomadics/skillful warriors strong horses/Roman conflact ended

16

Indo-European groups before Persian empire?

Medes and Persians (mostly pastoralists) migrated from Central Asia to Persia (modern day Iran) and formed the Assyrian and Babylonian empire

17

How did the Assyrian empire fall and who was the ruler?

Ashurbanipal. Too many conquered regions (skilled equestrians and archers) began to rebel

18

Order of empires in Persia?

Achaemenid, Macedonian, Seleucids, Parthians, Sassanids, Islamic conquest