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Social Studies 9h > Islam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Islam Deck (18):
1

Muhammad

Prophet of Islam revelation from Angel Gabriel born in Mecca (570-632)

2

Arabian Peninsula

SW Asia. harsh desert. Conquered by Muslim Arabs after the birth of Islam there

3

Mecca

City in W Saudi Arabia. Holy/make pilgrimage there

4

Medina

2nd most holy city. Islam gained most followers. Tomb of Muhammad.

5

Qur'an

Holy book contained guidelines Muslims/Allah followers lived by

6

Gabriel

Angel who gave Muhammad revelation from god

7

Allah

Monotheistic god. Creator of everything

8

Bedouin

Muslim nomadic groups who are pastoral and herd camel in the desert

9

Sheikh

Title given to a royal male @ birth. Bedouin chief

10

Ka'aba

Sacred shrine in great mosque @ Mecca. Black stone that they walk in circles around

11

Khadija

Muhammad's wealthy wife. Fist follower of Muslim

12

Caliph

Leaders of Islam succeeding death of Muhammad

13

Five pillars

Ethical code. Shahada (faith) Salaah (prayer) Sawm (Ramadan) Hajj (pilgrimage) Zakaat (charity)

14

Ramadan

Holy month, fast from dawn to sunset

15

Hegira

Flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina, where they founded 1st Islam community FIRST DATE ON ISLAM CALENDAR

16

Hajj

Pilgrimage to Mecca

17

Almsgiving

Giving up something to charity/zakaat

18

People of the Book

Belief based on scripture like Jews, Muslims, and Christians