Greece Flashcards Preview

Social Studies 9h > Greece > Flashcards

Flashcards in Greece Deck (26):
1

Socrates

A philosopher, criticized the Sophists, accused of "corrupting young Athenians" and "neglecting the gods".Put on trial and died by poison

2

Plato

PhilosopherStudied SocratesWrote a book THE REPUBLIC

3

Aristotle

Thracian and Macedonian philosopherTutored Alexander the GreatTeacher Plato

4

Delian League

A system of alliances between the Greek city states to fight a common enemy (Persia), included a treasury

5

Pericles

General/politician during 5th century leadership in Peloponnesian war and Athenian democracy

6

Democracy

(Direct democracy) citizens directly participate in government affairs (passing laws/ voting) (Democracy) citizens have a say in the gov by voting for representatives to pass laws in their favor

7

Aristocracy

A gov body/group of upper class hereditary nobility who ruled in favor of the people

8

Oligarchy

Ruled by a few

9

Monarchy

Political form of gov ruled by a king (and Queen)

10

Polis (poleis)

The Greek city state (an urban area surrounded by countryside) A autonomous political place where all major social, political, and religious events took place (one central unit)

11

Minoans

King Minons's Bronze Age civilization on Crete (minotaur/labyrinth) capital Knossos

12

Mycenaean

1st great civilization of mainland Greece, foreign trade, destroyed by Dorains/internal conflict

13

Tyrants

A non-constitutional ruler in Ancient Greece

14

Helot

Unfree persons of the Greek city states (Sparta) and from conquered nations

15

Secularism

The toleration of different beliefs/ religions because religion is separate from the political gov

16

Natural law

A body of unchanging moral principles regarded as the basis for all human conduct, philosophized by Aristotle and Plato

17

Philosophy

Questioning the nature of people and the world "love of wisdom"

18

Acropolis

A temple overlooking Athens, contained social and religious buildings, worshiped the goddess Athena

19

Hellenistic Age/Culture

ca. 323-330 bce Greek attitude, culture, and language became dominant throughout the Mediterranean and Near East. Advances in astronomy, math, geography, philosophy

20

Pericles

General/politician during 5th century, leader in Peloponnesian war and Athenian democracy

21

Peloponnesian war

Sparta declares war on Athens for taking out of the Delian League treasury and after 30 yrs forces them to surrender

22

Homer

Wrote the Iliad ( Epics of the Trojan War) and the Odyssey ( Odysseus's journey home to Ithaca)

23

Trojan War

Sparta waged war against the city of Troy by Achaeans because Paris took Helen, wife of king Menelaus (Sparta) setting of Homer's epics

24

Athens

Birthplace of democracy, on the mainland peninsula

25

Sparta

Military state, mainland, oligarchy/monarchy

26

Deites

A god or goddess