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Pharmaceutics Spring 2016 > Counterfeit Drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Counterfeit Drugs Deck (35)
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1

T/F Counterfeit Drugs have been a problem for years

TRUE

2

T/F Purchases from Internet sites that conceal actual physical address are counterfeit in > 50% of cases

TRUE

3

_____% of all medicines sold worldwide are fakes

8-15%

4

_____ are the most counterfeit drug worldwide

antibiotics

5

-international week of action coordinated by INTERPOL
-highlighted dangers of buying medicines online

Operation Pangea

6

T/F Counterfeiting can be applied to BOTH branded and generic products

TRUE

7

Counterfeit products include products: (4)

-with correct or wrong ingredients
-without active ingredients
-insufficient active ingredients
-fake packaging

8

Why are counterfeit drugs made?

-medication is too expensive
-medication is needed by a lot of people

9

______, _____, and _____ are counterfeited in developing countries

antibiotics
antimalarial
antiparasitic

10

T/F ONLY Manufacturers are allowed to import drugs (Closed system)

TRUE

11

T/F There is ONE single solution to counterfeiting

FALSE

12

Is drug importation legal by individuals?

NO--> FDA permits "limited" personal drug importation

13

What are the limitations placed by FDA on personal drug importation? (4)

-drug is for personal use only
-the quantity cannot exceed a 90 day supply
-buyer must be under medical supervision
-drug product cannot be imported for commercial reason

14

What are the 4 types of security measures being used to prevent counterfeit drugs?

-overt
-convert
-forensic
-intelligent

15

Overt security measures?

what you can see
-obvious and apparent the the general public

16

What are examples of overt security measures? (5)

-optically variable devices
-security inks
-security printing
-paper
-security threads

17

Convert security measures?

can not be detected visually
-require a specific reader/viewer to identify the presence of the security feature

18

Forensic security measures?

require specialist equipment or lab analysis to verify their presence

19

What are taggants?

agents incorporated into products (chemical, biological, physical, spectroscopic)

20

Intelligent security measures?

provide individual or batch coding of products and ability to track throughout the products life cycle

21

RFID

Radio-frequency identification (silicon chip and antenna)

22

What does RFID do? (2)

Radio-frequency Identification
-reads electronic product codes
-its a unique number that identifies a specific item in the supply chain

23

_________ the device allows investigators in the field to conduct on-the spot tests and get real-time results

portable spectrometer

24

How do counterfeit drugs enter legitimate drug supply chain? (7)

-complex global supply chains
-may travel through many trading companies
-one or more in supply chain corrupt
-manufacturer may not be aware that ingredients came from uncertified source
-manufacturer appears legitimate
-counterfeiters develop elaborate plan
-weak border control

25

Drug Quality and Security Act of 2013 (3)

-enable verification of the legitimacy of the drug
-enhance detection and notification of illegitimate products
-facilitate more efficient recalls of drug product

26

The Drug Supply Chain Security Act is an amendment to....

Food and Drug Cosmetic Act

27

Key provisions of Drug Supply Chain Security Act (7)

-product identification
-product tracing
-product verification
-detection and response
-notification
-wholesaler licensing
-third-party logistics provider licensing

28

Those who provide storage and logistical operations related to drug distribution, will obtain a state or federal license

Third-party logistics provider licensing

29

Wholesale drug distributors will report their licensing status and contact information to FDA and placed in public database

Wholesaler licensing

30

Manufacturers, wholesaler drug distributors, repackagers, and dispensers (primarily pharmacies) will establish systems and processes to notify FDA and other stakeholders if an illegitimate drug is found

Notification

31

Manufacturers, wholesaler drug distributors, repackagers, and dispensers (primarily pharmacies) will quarantine and promptly investigate a drug that has been identified as suspect

Detection and response

32

Manufacturers, wholesaler drug distributors, repackagers, and dispensers (primarily pharmacies) will establish systems and processes to be able to verify the product identifier on certain prescription drug packages

product vertification

33

Manufacturers, wholesaler drug distributors, repackagers, and dispensers (primarily pharmacies) in the drug supply chain will provide information about a drug and who handled it each time it is sold in the U.S. market

Product tracing

34

Manufacturers and repackagers must put unique product identifier on prescription drug packages

product identification

35

Strategies for pharmacist: (5)

-make purchases from trustworthy, reputable wholesalers and distributors
-be suspicious of the "good deal"
-look at drug shipments closely
-look for slight differences in container bottles
-listen to patients