Flashcards in Diabetes Deck (115)
How much insulin does the pancreas secrete daily?
What is the first major organ that insulin reaches?
What secretes insulin?
The beta cells of the Islets of Langerhan of the Pancreas gland
What does insulin promote in muscles?
Protein and glycogen synthesis
Converting fats to acids
What is insulin made of?
Alpha and Beta chains
What is the secretion of low levels of insulin during fasting called?
Basal insulin secretion
Promotes the production and storage of glycogen
What are the characteristics of diabetes mellitus?
Hyperglycemia, Glycosuria, and Ketonuria
How does insulin inhibit tissue breakdown?
Inhibits liver glycogenolysis, ketogenesis, and gluconeogenisis
Conversion of proteins to glucose
Precursors of insulin
Preproinsulin and Proinsulin
Which insulin precursor must be made smaller before becoming active?
Which electrolyte does insulin allow to pass from the ECF to the ICF?
Inhibits glycogen breakdown into glucose
What is increased when a patient is stressed?
What is the increased level of insulin after eating called?
An endocrine disorder in which there is insufficient amount or lack of insulin secretion to metabolize carbohydrates
What does insulin promote in fat cells?
What molecules does insulin increase the synthesis of?
Proteins and lipids
What is proinsulin made of?
Alpha, beta, and c-peptide chains
What is the main fuel for the CNS?
What is insulin's purpose?
Takes sugar into the cells
How long after eating is insulin released?
Which of the precursors of insulin is inactive?
What historical questions should a patient be asked during an assessment for diabetes?
How long they have been feeling off and if they've lost any weight
What types of carbohydrates should diabetics eat?
What is the most accurate blood test for diabetes?
Finger-stick test used to monitor blood sugar