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Illness and Patho 1 > Cancer > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cancer Deck (254)
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1

Not harmful

Benign

2

To become progressively worse and to potentially result in death

Malignant

3

The process of programmed cell death that may occur in multicellular organisms

Apoptosis

4

Cells with an exact multiple of the haploid number

Euploidy

5

Two cells whose membranes join tightly together, forming a virtually impermeable barrier to fluid

Tight Adherence

6

What is the protein that allows for the binding in cells with tight adherence?

Fibrinectin

7

Ratio of the size of the nucleus to the size of the cytoplasm of the cell

Nuclear-Cytoplasmic Size

8

Loose binding of a cell to the surface or substrate

Loose adherence

9

A relationship that the chromosome number is not an exact multiple of the cardinal characteristic of a particular plant or animal species

Aneuploidy

10

The creation of cancer

Carcinogenesis

11

Process by which normal cells are transformed into cancer cells

Oncogenesis

12

A process by which normal cells are changed so that they are able to form tumors

Initiation

13

A process by which various factors permit the descendants of a single initiated cell to survive and expand in number

Promotion

14

The number of sets of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell

Ploidy

15

The point in chemotherapy when blood count cells are at their lowest after a treatment

Nadir

16

What are the top three cancers diagnosed for women?

Breast, lung and bronchus, and colon and rectum

17

What are the top three cancers diagnosed for men?

Prostate, lung and bronchus, and colon and rectum

18

Which cancer diagnosis is the leading cause of cancer death?

Lung and bronchus

19

Genetic portion of DNA that regulates normal cell growth and repairs mutations, allowing cells to proliferate beyond the body's needs

Proto-oncogene

20

Genetic portion of DNA that stops, inhibits, or suppresses cell division

Tumor Suppression Gene

21

Abnormal mutated genes responsible for transformation of normal cells to cancer cells

Oncogene

22

What are the most common cancers?

Basal and squamous cell cancers of the skin

23

What are the characteristics of a cancer cell?

Abnormal cell structure and proliferation, uncontrolled growth, ability to spread, ability to invade normal tissue, immortality, accelerated by the use of nutrients, and angiogenesis

24

What are the cellular division characteristics of a malignant cell?

Rapid or continuous

25

What is the appearance of a malignant cell?

Anaplastic

26

What is the nuclear-to-cytoplasmic ratio of a malignant cell?

Large

27

How many differentiated functions does a malignant cell have?

Some or none

28

What is the cellular adherence of a malignant cell?

Loose

29

What are the migratory characteristics of a malignant cell?

They migrate and invade other cells

30

How do malignant cells grow?

By invading other cells