Flashcards in Cancer Deck (254)
To become progressively worse and to potentially result in death
The process of programmed cell death that may occur in multicellular organisms
Cells with an exact multiple of the haploid number
Two cells whose membranes join tightly together, forming a virtually impermeable barrier to fluid
What is the protein that allows for the binding in cells with tight adherence?
Ratio of the size of the nucleus to the size of the cytoplasm of the cell
Loose binding of a cell to the surface or substrate
A relationship that the chromosome number is not an exact multiple of the cardinal characteristic of a particular plant or animal species
The creation of cancer
Process by which normal cells are transformed into cancer cells
A process by which normal cells are changed so that they are able to form tumors
A process by which various factors permit the descendants of a single initiated cell to survive and expand in number
The number of sets of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell
The point in chemotherapy when blood count cells are at their lowest after a treatment
What are the top three cancers diagnosed for women?
Breast, lung and bronchus, and colon and rectum
What are the top three cancers diagnosed for men?
Prostate, lung and bronchus, and colon and rectum
Which cancer diagnosis is the leading cause of cancer death?
Lung and bronchus
Genetic portion of DNA that regulates normal cell growth and repairs mutations, allowing cells to proliferate beyond the body's needs
Genetic portion of DNA that stops, inhibits, or suppresses cell division
Tumor Suppression Gene
Abnormal mutated genes responsible for transformation of normal cells to cancer cells
What are the most common cancers?
Basal and squamous cell cancers of the skin
What are the characteristics of a cancer cell?
Abnormal cell structure and proliferation, uncontrolled growth, ability to spread, ability to invade normal tissue, immortality, accelerated by the use of nutrients, and angiogenesis
What are the cellular division characteristics of a malignant cell?
Rapid or continuous
What is the appearance of a malignant cell?
What is the nuclear-to-cytoplasmic ratio of a malignant cell?
How many differentiated functions does a malignant cell have?
Some or none
What is the cellular adherence of a malignant cell?
What are the migratory characteristics of a malignant cell?
They migrate and invade other cells