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Flashcards in Respiratory 1 Deck (214)
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1

Bronchodialators that relax the smooth muscles of the bronchial tree and decrease airway resistance

Short Acting Beta Agonists

2

Medication for short term relief for asthma attacks, or premedication when attacks are likely

Albuterol

3

What are the side effects of Albuterol?

Tachycardia

4

How should Albuterol be used?

Before other inhaled drugs to better enable penetration of other medications

5

Group of medications that relaxes bronchospasms and increases ciliary motility

Long Acting Beta Agonists

6

Medication for the maintenance of asthma or bronchospasms

Salmeterol

7

How long before exercise should Salmeterol be taken?

30-60 minutes

8

What is the therapeutic range of Theophylline?

10-20 mcg/mL

9

Name a Cholinergic antagonist

Ipratropium

10

If a patient has over 20 mcg/mL of Theophylline, what will happen?

Adverse reactions of the nervous system

11

Bronchodialators that are xanthine derivatives and are given via PO or IV drip

Theophylline and Aminophylline

12

What is Ipratropium used for?

Maintenance therapy for chronic bronchitis and emphysema

13

What is a side effect of Aminophylline?

Rash

14

What are the side effects of Theophylline?

Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, tachycardia, dysrhythmias, restlessness

15

How should Ipratropium be taken?

Wait 30-60 seconds between puffs and 5 minutes between this and other inhaled meds and rinse mouth after taking to get rid of the bitter taste

16

What is the action of Theophylline?

Relieves broncho spasms of bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma

17

Medications that block the parasympathetic nervous system and are bronchodialators

Anticholinergic agents

18

If a patient has over 35 mcg/mL of Theophylline, what will happen?

Seizure and cardiac arrhythmias

19

Name the 5 types of Bronchodialators

Short acting Beta agonists, long acting Beta agonists, Methylxanthines, Cholinergic antagonists, and Leukotriene antagonists

20

Inhaler, nebulizer, or nasal spray that inhibits acetylcholine, blocking cholinergic bronchomotor tones and therefore stops vagally mediated bronchospasms

Ipratropium

21

What is the nasal spray form of Ipratropium used to treat?

Rhinitis and the common cold

22

Name examples of Methylxanthines

Theophylline and Aminophylline

23

Name Leukotriene antagonists

Accolate and Singulair

24

What are the types of Anti-Inflammatories?

Corticosteroids and Inhaled or Nasal Sprays

25

Bronchodialator that inhibits leukotriene and therefore inhibits inflammation and bronchoconstricition

Leukotriene Antagonists

26

What are side effects of Leukotriene antagonists?

Headache and increased incidence of URI if given with corticosteriods

27

What are the side effects of Ipratropium?

Blurred vision, eye pain, headache, palpitations, nervousness

28

Name a corticosteroid

Prednisone

29

What do Leukotriene antagonists do?

Prevents airway edema, smooth muscle constriction, altered cell activity due to inflammation

30

Which side effect of Ipratropium is an overdoes symptom?

Nervousness