Flashcards in Endocrine Deck (318)
Patients experiencing acute adrenal insufficiency are most commonly those who are currently receiving or having recently been withdrawn from what kind of therapy?
Thyroid storm has an abrupt onset and is best categorized as a state of unregulated what?
Neurogenic diabetes insipidus results from an insufficiency of which hormone?
Myxedema coma can occur in pateitns who have an extremely low metabolic state associated with what?
Extreme hyperthyroidism with serious signs and symptoms
Syndrome on inappropriate ADH is associated with low levels of what?
Controls and regulates the metabolic process
Destruction of the adrenal gland itself
Which disease results in myxedema
In what patients is hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndome most commonly seen?
Newly diagnosed type 2 DM
Results from alterations in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both
What is the most frequent form of hyperthyroidism?
What is the preferred energy source for the brain?
Glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid deficiency
Acute adrenal crisis
Hypersecretion of ADH
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Hypersecretion of insulin
Hypersecretion of T3 and T4
Hyposecretion of ADH
Hyposecretion of insulin
Type 1 DM
Hyposecretion of T3 and T4
What would not be a laboratory finding in a patient with SIADH?
Low urine sodium
Indicators for primary hyperthyroidism would include what lab values?
Low to normal TSH with elevated T3 and T4
What is cortisol released in response to?
Anterior pituitary release of ACTH
What often causes the hypothyroid state in secondary hypothyroidism?
Pituitary gland dysfunction
Which test can be performed to assess for the presence of adrenal insufficiency?
Cortisol stimulation test
What would the assessment findings for a pateint who is in a myxedema coma include?
Lethargy, edema, swollen tongue, and abdominal distension
What is the hallmark sign of SIADH?
What is a potential cause of ectopic ADH secretion, causing SIADH?
Small cell carcinoma of the lung