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Flashcards in Endocrine Deck (318)
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1

Patients experiencing acute adrenal insufficiency are most commonly those who are currently receiving or having recently been withdrawn from what kind of therapy?

Corticosteroid

2

Thyroid storm has an abrupt onset and is best categorized as a state of unregulated what?

Hypermetabolism

3

Neurogenic diabetes insipidus results from an insufficiency of which hormone?

Antidiuretic

4

Myxedema coma can occur in pateitns who have an extremely low metabolic state associated with what?

Hypothyroidism

5

Extreme hyperthyroidism with serious signs and symptoms

Thyroid storm

6

Syndrome on inappropriate ADH is associated with low levels of what?

Serum sodium

7

Controls and regulates the metabolic process

Hormones

8

Destruction of the adrenal gland itself

Addison's disease

9

Which disease results in myxedema

Hypothyroidism

10

In what patients is hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndome most commonly seen?

Newly diagnosed type 2 DM

11

Results from alterations in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both

Diabetes Mellitus

12

What is the most frequent form of hyperthyroidism?

Graves' disease

13

What is the preferred energy source for the brain?

Glucose

14

Glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid deficiency

Acute adrenal crisis

15

Hypersecretion of ADH

SIADH

16

Hypersecretion of cortisol

Cushing's syndrome

17

Hypersecretion of insulin

Hypoglycemia

18

Hypersecretion of T3 and T4

Thyroid Storm

19

Hyposecretion of ADH

Diabetes Insipidus

20

Hyposecretion of insulin

Type 1 DM

21

Hyposecretion of T3 and T4

Myxedema Coma

22

What would not be a laboratory finding in a patient with SIADH?

Low urine sodium

23

Indicators for primary hyperthyroidism would include what lab values?

Low to normal TSH with elevated T3 and T4

24

What is cortisol released in response to?

Anterior pituitary release of ACTH

25

What often causes the hypothyroid state in secondary hypothyroidism?

Pituitary gland dysfunction

26

Which test can be performed to assess for the presence of adrenal insufficiency?

Cortisol stimulation test

27

What would the assessment findings for a pateint who is in a myxedema coma include?

Lethargy, edema, swollen tongue, and abdominal distension

28

What is the hallmark sign of SIADH?

Dilutional Hyponatremia

29

What is a potential cause of ectopic ADH secretion, causing SIADH?

Small cell carcinoma of the lung

30

What do the pituitary glands regulate?

The endocrine system