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Flashcards in Reproductive Deck (187)
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1

What is stage one of fibrocystic breast condition?

Premenstrual fullness and tenderness occurring on the menstrual cycle

2

Physiologic modularity of the breast including lobules, ducts, and stromal tissue

Fibrocystic Breast Condition

3

What is the most common breast problem of women between 20-50 years of age?

Fibrocystic Breast Condition

4

Solid, slowly enlarging, benign mass; round, firm, easily movable, non-tender and clearly delineated from the surrounding tissue

Fibroadenoma

5

How can ductal ectasia be managed?

Warm complex and antibiotics

6

How can fibrocystic breast condition be managed?

Symptomatic management, hormonal manipulation, drug therapy, diuretics, avoiding caffeine, mild analgesics, and limiting salt

7

What is stage two of fibrocystic breast condition?

Multiple nodular areas in both breasts

8

Benign breast problem of women approaching menopause caused by dilation and thickening of the collecting ducts in the sub-areolar area

Ductal Ectasia

9

What are fibroadenomas made up of?

Connective tissue that is unattached to the surrounding breast tissue

10

Benign process in the epithelial lining of the duct, forming a pedunculated outgrowth of tissue

Intraductal Papilloma

11

What are the symptoms of fibrocystic breast condition?

Ropey, bumpy, lumpy breast tissue that is tender, painful, and burning characterized by fibrosis and cysts

12

What vitamins should be increased when a patient has fibrocystic breast condition?

Vitamins C, E, and B complex

13

What is the most common breast mass in women under the age of 30?

Fibroadenoma

14

Why do the symptoms of fibrocystic breast condition usually go away after menopause?

Because estrogen decreases

15

What is stage three of fibrocystic breast condition?

Microscopic cysts associated with pain, tenderness, or burning in women 35-55

16

What is fibrocystic breast condition caused by?

An imbalance of of estrogen to progesterone ration with more estrogen and less progesterone

17

What are the signs of ductal ectasia?

Hard, tender mass with irregular boarders, greenish brown nipple discharge, enlarged axillary nodes, redness and edema over the site of the mass

18

Where are fibroadenomas often located?

The upper outer quadrant

19

When do the symptoms of fibrocystic breast condition usually resolve?

After menopause

20

In what age range does intraducal papilloma occur in?

40-55

21

What types of adjunctive therapy can be used for patients with breast cancer?

Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, SERMs, hormonal therapy and targeted therapy

22

What should patients with premenstrual syndrome eat?

Limit sugar, red meat, alcohol, coffee, tea and chocolate

23

Vaginal bleeding that occurs after a 12 month cessation of menses after the onset of menopause

Postmenopausal bleeding

24

Vaginal mucosa is dry, thin, and traumatized easily with intercourse

Atrophic vaginitis

25

What are the signs of intraductal papilloma?

Bloody or serous nipple discharge

26

Soft, red, oval tissue masses in cervix

Cervical polyps

27

Tissue overgrowth in uterus that is a precursor of endometrial cancer

Endometrial hyperplasia

28

How long is radiation therapy used after breast cancer?

6-7 weeks

29

Benign condition of breast enlargement in men

Gynecomastia

30

What are the genes that put patients at risk for breast cancer?

BRCA1 & BRCA2