Flashcards in Diabetes Complications Deck (17)
What are the 3 main microvascular complications of diabetes?
How does microvascular compromise generally occur in diabetes?
Reduced blood flow to small vessels, causing hypoperfusion of nerves in that area
Which part of the body is most susceptible to diabetic neuropathy?
What will peripheral neuropathy predominately cause?
Pain/loss of sensation in feet/hands
Neuropathy is more common in type 2 diabetes than type 1 diabetes. True/False?
Type 1 diabetes more common
What are the major complications of peripheral neuropathy?
Autonomic neuropathy can cause gustatory sweating. What is this?
Abnormal function of sweat glands, causing profuse sweating at night/during meals
Diabetes is the commonest cause of kidney failure. True/False?
What is a reliable sign of diabetic kidney failure that should be screened for?
There is established microalbuminuria in diabetics if the test is repeated twice and how many are positive?
List causes of false positive tests for microalbuminuria
Non-diabetic renal disease
Which class of drugs is useful for diabetics with kidney failure?
What eye pathologies do people with diabetes get?
What is the main sign of background retinopathy?
Leaky blood vessels (dots)
What are the main signs of proliferative retinopathy?
Angiogenesis (due to ischaemia)
What are the main signs of diabetic maculopathy?
Build up of fluid in macula, causing exudates
Blurred/complete loss of vission