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Flashcards in Diabetes Complications Deck (17)
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1

What are the 3 main microvascular complications of diabetes?

Neuropathy
Nephropathy
Retinopathy

2

How does microvascular compromise generally occur in diabetes?

Reduced blood flow to small vessels, causing hypoperfusion of nerves in that area

3

Which part of the body is most susceptible to diabetic neuropathy?

Feet

4

What will peripheral neuropathy predominately cause?

Pain/loss of sensation in feet/hands

5

Neuropathy is more common in type 2 diabetes than type 1 diabetes. True/False?

False
Type 1 diabetes more common

6

What are the major complications of peripheral neuropathy?

Infections/ulcers
Deformities
Amputations

7

Autonomic neuropathy can cause gustatory sweating. What is this?

Abnormal function of sweat glands, causing profuse sweating at night/during meals

8

Diabetes is the commonest cause of kidney failure. True/False?

True

9

What is a reliable sign of diabetic kidney failure that should be screened for?

Raised albumin

10

There is established microalbuminuria in diabetics if the test is repeated twice and how many are positive?

2/3 positive

11

List causes of false positive tests for microalbuminuria

Menstruation
Pregnancy
UTI
Vaginal discharge
Non-diabetic renal disease

12

Which class of drugs is useful for diabetics with kidney failure?

ACE inhibitors

13

What eye pathologies do people with diabetes get?

Retinopathy
Cataract
Glaucoma
Visual blurring

14

What is the main sign of background retinopathy?

Leaky blood vessels (dots)

15

What are the main signs of proliferative retinopathy?

Angiogenesis (due to ischaemia)
Haemorrhage
Leaky blood

16

What are the main signs of diabetic maculopathy?

Build up of fluid in macula, causing exudates
Blurred/complete loss of vission

17

Erectile failure occurs in about 50% of diabetic men. True/False?

True :(