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Flashcards in Pregnancy Deck (7)
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1

After fertilisation and implantation, which hormones does the placenta produce?

Human placental lactogen
Placental progesterone
Placental oestrogen

2

Outline the physiological mechanism behind gestational diabetes

Placental hormones cause insulin resistance in mother, causing high levels of glucose

3

Which diabetic drugs are the only drugs permitted during pregnancy?

Metformin
Insulin

4

Which blood pressure drugs are used in pregnancy?

Labetalol
Nifedipine
Methyldopa

5

How does macrosomia (big baby) occur as a complication of gestational diabetes?

Mother's high blood sugar transfers to baby across placenta; this causes the baby's pancreas to produce more insulin, so more glucose is stored in the baby, resulting in a bigger baby

6

What is the effect on children's IQ if thyroxine (T4) is low?

Lower IQ

7

What effect do oestrogens have on levels of thyroid-binding-globulin?

Increased levels of TBG