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Flashcards in Dizziness Deck (9)
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1

Toxidrome

Hot as hades-fever
Fast as a hare-tachychardia
Dry as a bone- dehydration
Red as a beet- flushed skin
Mad as a hatter- delirium
Full as a tick- urinary retention
Blind as a bat- mydriasis

2

Scopolamine administration

Transdermal patch applied to post auricular skin

3

Methscopolamine bromide or scopolamine hydrobromide

Oral scopolamine used for peptic ulcers

4

Scopolamine MOA

Competitive antagonist at muscarinic receptors. Acts on smooth muscle that used acetylcholine but lacks cholinergic receptors. Blocks cholinergic transmission to higher CNS and vomiting centers. Inhibits saliva, sweat, GI secretions and motility

5

Scopolamine distribution

Crosses BBB and placenta

6

Scopolamine absorption

2-24 hrs

7

Scopolamine contraindications

Angle closure glaucoma, obstructive uropathy, GI disease

8

Scopolamine caution

Driving motor vehicle, elderly, glaucoma, alcohol

9

Anticholinergics

Scopolamine