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Flashcards in DM part 8 Deck (6)
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1

Nursing Assessment: Objective Data
What are the possible diagnostic findings?

-serum electrolyte abnormalities
-fasting blood glucose level of 126 mg/dL or higher
-OGTT or random glucose level exceeding 200 mg/dL
-leukocytosis
-increased BUN, creatinine
-increased triglycerides, cholesterol, LDL, VLDL
-decreased HDL
-A1C greater than 6%
-glycosuria
-ketonuria
-albuminuria
-acidosis

2

What are 3 ways blood glucose can be raised?

-physical and emotional stress
-illness, injury, surgery,
-counterregulatory hormones

3

How often should blood glucose be check during times of illness?

every 4 hours

4

If glucose is greater than 240 how often should you check urine for ketones?

every 3 to 4 hours

5

Two consecutive glucose levels greater than what need to be reported to the HCP?

greater than 300

6

What type of teaching and care do newly diagnosed diabetics need?

-regular oral and dental care
-eye exam asap then yearly after that
-regular bathing and foot care: inspect daily, avoid going barefoot, proper footwear, how to treat/monitor wounds