Flashcards in Values and ethics part 2 Deck (19)
What are the basic principles upon which the ANA Code of Ethics for Nurses is based?
-Advocacy: supporting a particular cause, advocate for safety, health and pt rights.
-Veracity: accuracy, conformity to facts, habitual truthfulness
-Responsibility: willingness to respect obligations, and follow through on promises.
-Accountability: ability to answer for own actions.
-Privacy: being free from being observed or disturbed.
-Confidentiality: HIPAA, protection of personal health info
What are the steps for making ethical decisions?
Explain assessment when making ethical decisions....
-Assess situation: main people involved, pt's overall nursing, medical, and social situation. Relevent legal, administrative, and staff consideration.
Explain diagnose (identify) when making an ethical decision....
-Diagnose ethical problem: (identify) Clarify issue in 2 ways:
1. is the conflict personal, interpersonal, institutional, or societal? Is there a question about thought or feeling?
2. Does the question have a moral/ethical component and why?
Explain planning when making an ethical decision....
Identify and weigh alternatives
-short and long term consequences
-apply codes of conduct and ethics
-consult with respected colleagues
-decide on course of action you can best support
Explain implementation when making an ethical decision....
-compare actual outcome with expected outcome
Explain evaluation when making an ethical decision....
What is an ethical dilemma?
-occurs in presence of 2 conflicting courses of action
-two or more clear moral principles apply but support mutually inconsistent courses of action
When you have an ethical dilemma what do you need to distinguish between and clarify?
-distinguish between fact and opinion
-clarify values of parties involved (your own, client's, co-worker's)
How do you resolve an ethical dilemma?
-tolerate differences and look at cultural values
-deliberate and negotiate differences of opinion (presumption of good will, strict confidentiality, client-centered decision making, family/caregiver participation)
Regulates relationships between people and government
public law (a type of criminal law)
regulates relationships among people
private or civil law
concerns state and federal criminal statutes
Which law regulates the practice of nursing and other healthcare?
private or civil law
Law enacted by a legislative body.
EX: Nurse practice act
Concerns state and federal criminal statutes. EX: misuse of a controlled substance
statutory criminal law
This law is rules and regulations that are legally enacted to support some statutory law.
-EX: state boards of nursing, notifying BRN of unethical behavior
administrative (regulatory) law
This law is created from judicial decisions made in courts.
EX: informed consent, clients right to refuse treatment
common law (Judicial decisions)