DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis - Part 4 Flashcards Preview

Biology 2015-2016 > DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis - Part 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis - Part 4 Deck (22):
1

The DNA molecule is the code for all...

Proteins that are made in a cell

2

Genes are made of...

DNA

3

A gene is the...

Coded DNA instructions

4

The gene controls the production of specific...

Proteins

5

Proteins are the link between...

Genotype and phenotype

6

The proteins that are made will determine what...

Traits show up in the offspring

7

Gene expression:

The process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins

8

Two stages in the expression of genes:

Transcription and Translation

9

Proteins are made of building blocks called...

Amino acids

10

How many different types of amino acids are there:

20

11

How many different nucleotides are there:

4

12

The three nucleotides in sequence must specify each...

Amino acids

13

Codon:

A triplet of nucleotides

14

Each codon calls for a specific:

Amino acid

15

When many amino acids are linked together a...

Protein is made

16

How many codons act as a start codon:

1

17

How many codons act as a stop codon:

3

18

Does a gene build a protein directly?

No

19

The bridge between DNA and protein synthesis is...

RNA

20

Strand difference between DNA and RNA:

RNA is a single strand
DNA is a double strand

21

Sugar difference between DNA and RNA:

Sugar in RNA is ribose
Sugar in DNA is deoxyribose

22

Nitrogen base pairs difference between DNA and RNA:

RNA has uracil
DNA has adenine