Cellular Respiration Flashcards Preview

Biology 2015-2016 > Cellular Respiration > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cellular Respiration Deck (27):
1

During glycolysis, glucose is broken down into what 3 carbon compound?

Pyruvic Acid

2

During the electron transport chain what is pumped from the matrix across the cristae membrane into the inner membrane space?

Hydrogen protons

3

What molecule is the primary fuel for cellular respiration

Glucose

4

What type of respiration can only occur in the presence of oxygen

Aerobic respiration

5

In what part of the mitochondria does the Kreb's cycle occur

Matrix

6

What molecule serves as a source of immediate energy for cellular processes that require energy

Adenosine Triphosphate

7

ATP is generated when hydrogen protons cause a rotor to spin as they flow across the cristae membrane through this enzyme

ATP synthase

8

At the end of the electron transport chain, low-energy hydrogen electrons and hydrogen protons are combined with oxygen to form this end product

Water

9

What is the nitrogen base that is found in molecules of ADP and ATP

Adenine

10

The energy transformation that converts the energy held in molecules of glucose to molecules of ATP is called?

Respiration

11

What molecule serves as the final electron acceptor in the electron transport chain

Oxygen

12

In the absence of oxygen, muscle cells may convert pyruvic acid into what compound

Lactic acid

13

What stage of cellular respiration produces hydrogen atoms, ATP, and carbon dioxide

Kreb's Cycle

14

What type of fermentation produces carbon dioxide which causes bread dough to ride

Alcoholic

15

The addition or removal of what molecule determines whether energy is stored or released

Phosphate

16

In what stage of respiration does glucose convert to pyruvic acid

Glycolysis

17

Acetate is joined with oxaloacetic acid to form what 6-carbon compound?

Citric Acid

18

A large number of high energy hydrogen electrons are delivered to the electron transport chain in this form

NADH

19

The energy generation from what process is used to pump hydrogen protons across a membrane, generating a high concentration proton gradient

Electron Transport Chain

20

This folding and looping membrane increases the surface area for cellular respiration

Cristae

21

What is the cellular organelle where aerobic respiration takes place

Mitochondria

22

During the oxidation, or break down, of pyruvic acid, what compounds is given off as a waste product

Carbon Dioxide

23

What type of respiration occurs in the absence of oxygen

Fermentation

24

Anaerobic respiration takes place in this part of the cell

Cytoplasm

25

What is the total number of ATP that can be generated from one molecule of ATP

38

26

Glycolysis does not require oxygen and is said to be...

Anaerobic

27

This is the type of sugar that is found in an ADP or ATP molecule

Ribose