Flashcards in East Devon Ageing Population Deck (29):
Percentage of uk population 65+
How many more elderly people are there in uk compared to 50 years ago?
Twice as many
By how much will number of over 80s increase and by what year?
Double by 2037
3 negative economic implications
Tax burden and pension crisis
Cost to NHS
Less gov money for young people
How much of gov spending on pensioners?
2 reasons for pension crisis
Less tax and NI contributions
Life expectancy increased
Male retirement and life expectancy 1908
Male retirement and LE today
How much did NHS spend in 2015?
How much did NHS spend in 2000?
How much of welfare spending on pensioners?
How does the government spending more money on pensions and NHS affect young people?
Less money spent on education and provision of leisure amenities
5 social negatives
High dependency ratio
Out migration of young
What was dependency ratio when pensions introduced?
22 workers per 1 retired
What will the dependency ratio be by 2024
7 social issues of ageing population related to healthcare
- Long waiting lists
- Visit GPs more often and need medicine
- Full time specialist care
- occupy hospital beds longer
- long term illnesses e.g. Parkinson's
- hip replacements, heart bypasses
- not enough doctors and nurses
3 social problems related to housing
Special requirements for housing = expensive
Residential homes > £2000 per month = cannot afford
Cannot live independently
Example of town with out migration of young
5 positives of ageing population
Target market for firms
Childcare and voluntary work
Employed for longer
How much was grey pound worth and when?
£215 bn in 2005
What are old people who shop on Internet called?
What is SKIHERS.
Spending the kids inheritance e.g. On holidays = benefits LEDCs
4 ways elderly are target market
Gold, fashion, hotels, beauty
Shops changed to meet needs
Growth in housing sector - McCarthy and Stone
M&S target >50s
Why is childcare and voluntary work beneficial?
- Allows parents to work and contribute to economy without paying increasing childcare costs
- Saves billions of pounds
- Work for charities
3 factors of elderly working longer
Use experience to benefit society
New anti ageism laws help
E.g. B&Q willing to employ older people
What proportion of UK over 80 and by when?
1/2 over 80 by 2039
3 problems related to transport
- elderly can't drive due to cost or illness
- Social isolation
- Not economical for public buses to visit dispersed villages = only go once a week
2 reasons for out migration of young
- elderly culture
- Businesses invest in Residential areas and change for elderly needs