East Devon Ageing Population Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in East Devon Ageing Population Deck (29):
1

Percentage of uk population 65+

16%

2

How many more elderly people are there in uk compared to 50 years ago?

Twice as many

3

By how much will number of over 80s increase and by what year?

Double by 2037

4

3 negative economic implications

Tax burden and pension crisis
Cost to NHS
Less gov money for young people

5

How much of gov spending on pensioners?

20%

6

2 reasons for pension crisis

Less tax and NI contributions

Life expectancy increased

7

Male retirement and life expectancy 1908

R: 65
LE: 67

8

Male retirement and LE today

65

80

9

How much did NHS spend in 2015?

£134 billion

10

How much did NHS spend in 2000?

£50 billion

11

How much of welfare spending on pensioners?

55%

12

How does the government spending more money on pensions and NHS affect young people?

Less money spent on education and provision of leisure amenities

13

5 social negatives

High dependency ratio
Healthcare pressure
Transport pressure
Housing pressure
Out migration of young

14

What was dependency ratio when pensions introduced?

22 workers per 1 retired

15

What will the dependency ratio be by 2024

16

7 social issues of ageing population related to healthcare

- Long waiting lists
- Visit GPs more often and need medicine
- Full time specialist care
- occupy hospital beds longer
- long term illnesses e.g. Parkinson's
- hip replacements, heart bypasses
- not enough doctors and nurses

17

3 social problems related to housing

Special requirements for housing = expensive
Residential homes > £2000 per month = cannot afford
Cannot live independently

18

Example of town with out migration of young

Harrogate

19

5 positives of ageing population

Grey pound
SKIHERS
Target market for firms
Childcare and voluntary work
Employed for longer

20

How much was grey pound worth and when?

£215 bn in 2005

21

What are old people who shop on Internet called?

Silver surfers

22

What is SKIHERS.

Spending the kids inheritance e.g. On holidays = benefits LEDCs

23

4 ways elderly are target market

Gold, fashion, hotels, beauty
Shops changed to meet needs
Growth in housing sector - McCarthy and Stone
M&S target >50s

24

Why is childcare and voluntary work beneficial?

- Allows parents to work and contribute to economy without paying increasing childcare costs
- Saves billions of pounds
- Work for charities

25

3 factors of elderly working longer

Use experience to benefit society
New anti ageism laws help
E.g. B&Q willing to employ older people

26

What proportion of UK over 80 and by when?

1/2 over 80 by 2039

27

3 problems related to transport

- elderly can't drive due to cost or illness
- Social isolation
- Not economical for public buses to visit dispersed villages = only go once a week

28

2 reasons for out migration of young

- elderly culture
- Businesses invest in Residential areas and change for elderly needs

29

How many elderly people volunteer?

1 in 5 volunteer for 2 or more charities