Kerala Anti-Natalist Policy Flashcards Preview

AS Geography > Kerala Anti-Natalist Policy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Kerala Anti-Natalist Policy Deck (16):
1

Where is Kerala in India?

State in South west

2

Population of Kerala

32 million

3

Population density

819 people per km^2 = 3 times national average

4

What percentage of India's population

3.4%

5

Aim of policy

Create a society that encourages smaller families

6

10 aspects of policy

- improve education and treat girls as equals
- adult literacy classes in towns
- educate on benefits of small families
- Reduce IMR
- Vaccination programmes to improve child health
- Free contraception and advice
- Encourage higher age of marriage
- Maternity leave for first 2 babies only
- Extra retirement benefits
- Land reform programme to solve food supply issues

7

Why was the policy successful?

Due to social and societal reforms

8

5 successes / results of policy

- More girls to uni than boys
- Right to literacy programme runs writing and reading classes = always well attended
- Most villages free libraries
- Land redistributed = no one landless
- No one allowed > 8 ha and everyone self sufficient = larger families disadvantaged

9

Kerala is one of few regions in the LEDW to...

Reach stage 4 of DTM

10

Life expectancy

73

11

Percentage babies born in hospitals

95%

12

Female literacy rate

91%

13

IMR

12 per 1000

14

GDP

1/10 of UK's but 6.5 times larger than India's average as a whole

15

Fertility rate

1.8 per 1000 - almost half of India's average

16

Date

1952