Short C.S - Voluntary Migration Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Short C.S - Voluntary Migration Deck (19):
1

Brain drain scale

International

2

Brain drain direction

Between MEDCs

UK and Germany --> USA

3

Brain drain who

Doctors, teachers and scientists

4

Cause of brain drain

Economic

5

Farming scale

International

6

Farming direction

LEDC to MEDC

Mexico --> California, USA

7

Farming who

Farm labourers

8

Farming cause

Economic

9

Aid workers scale

International

10

Aid workers direction

MEDC to LEDC

Eu countries --> Ethiopia

11

Aid workers cause

Social

12

Brazil scale

Internal (regional)

13

Brazil direction

Rural to Urban

North East --> South East Brazil

14

Brazil cause

Economic

15

Brazil 5 push factors

- Low and unreliable rain
- Droughts and crop failure
- Poverty, starvation and malnutrition
- Infertile land - salty
- High IMR and low standard of living

16

Brazil 4 pull factors

- Better paid jobs in factories
- Better housing
- Access to education and healthcare
- More reliable food source

17

2 impacts of source Brazil

Pop decrease = less pressure on food and wood

Smaller labour force as working aged males migrated

18

6 impacts on destination Brazil

- Cheap labour
- Favelas grew
- Pressure on education and healthcare
- Disease = low living standards
- Overpopulation, congestion and pollution
- Job shortage

19

4 examples of voluntary migration

1. Brain drain
2. Farming in California
3. Aid workers
4. Brazil