Flashcards in Poland to Uk Voluntary Migration Deck (15)
How many polish migrants to UK and when?
April 2004 to December 2006
Type of cause
1 push factor
- 40% in rural areas
- Only 5% on average in UK
When did Poland join the EU.
Unemployment in rural areas Poland
Unemployment on average in UK
3 pull factors
1. Availability of work
2. Greater earning
3. Possibility of returning home after increasing income
What type of work available in UK.
- Semi skilled and unskilled labour e.g. Farm labour
How much more can migrants earn in UK.
4-5 times more than in Poland
Whilst living costs only double.
3 positive impacts on origin
1. Send back remittances
2. Bring back new skills = revitalise economy
3. Reduced underemployment
4 negatives for origin
- ageing pop as younger people move
- Loss of labour = more unemployment and economic slowdown
- Lost generation = affects social structure
- Mainly males migrate = imbalanced structure
6 positives for destination
- Contribute to economy
- Offset problems caused by ageing pop - reduce labour shortage and increase NI contributions
- Work for lower wages = controls inflation
- Mutli ethnic society
- Growth in services
- Take up less desirable jobs
How much did polish migrants contribute to UK economy in 2005?
5 negatives for destination
- unemployment of UK citizens as migrants favoured
- Problem of assimilation - abuse
- Exploited by employers
- Money sent back to origin
- Pressure on health and education