Poland to Uk Voluntary Migration Flashcards Preview

AS Geography > Poland to Uk Voluntary Migration > Flashcards

Flashcards in Poland to Uk Voluntary Migration Deck (15):
1

How many polish migrants to UK and when?

April 2004 to December 2006

0.5 million

2

Type of cause

Economic

3

1 push factor

High unemployment
- 40% in rural areas
- Only 5% on average in UK

4

When did Poland join the EU.

2004

5

Unemployment in rural areas Poland

40%

6

Unemployment on average in UK

5%

7

3 pull factors

1. Availability of work
2. Greater earning
3. Possibility of returning home after increasing income

8

What type of work available in UK.

- Semi skilled and unskilled labour e.g. Farm labour

9

How much more can migrants earn in UK.

4-5 times more than in Poland

Whilst living costs only double.

10

3 positive impacts on origin

1. Send back remittances
2. Bring back new skills = revitalise economy
3. Reduced underemployment

11

4 negatives for origin

- ageing pop as younger people move
- Loss of labour = more unemployment and economic slowdown
- Lost generation = affects social structure
- Mainly males migrate = imbalanced structure

12

6 positives for destination

- Contribute to economy
- Offset problems caused by ageing pop - reduce labour shortage and increase NI contributions
- Work for lower wages = controls inflation
- Mutli ethnic society
- Growth in services
- Take up less desirable jobs

13

How much did polish migrants contribute to UK economy in 2005?

£2.5 billion

14

5 negatives for destination

- unemployment of UK citizens as migrants favoured
- Problem of assimilation - abuse
- Exploited by employers
- Money sent back to origin
- Pressure on health and education

15

Why do employers favour migrants?

Work for lower wages

Typically hard working and enthusiastic