The Gambia Youthful Population Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Gambia Youthful Population Deck (24):
1

4 reasons why population youthful in Gambia

- High IMR = high BR
- Religion and sign of virility
- Children to work land
- low LE

2

IMR in The Gambia

79 per 1000

3

Percentage of population Muslim

95%

4

3 things farmed in Gambia

Rice, Maize, Cattle

5

Why is LE low? (3)

Poor sanitation
Poor healthcare
Poor food

6

LE for men

53

7

2 negative economic implications

- Unemployment and Underemployment
- Huge international debt as must import food for growing pop

8

4 problems in terms of unemployment

- Too many people searching for jobs
- Low wages - £30 per month above average
- Can't feed families and afford protein = malnutrition
- 1/3 of 14 year olds must work

9

What was Gambia's international debt in 2014?

$520 billion

10

1 political negative implication

High dependency ratio

11

What is the dependency ratio figure?

92 dependants : 100 economically active

12

3 social negative implications

- Infrastructure
- Pressure on education
- pressure on healthcare

13

4 feature of infrastructure as a problem

- Towns expand rapidly = can't build decent housing
- Lack of basic housing - No sanitation, toilets, running water, electricity
- Overcrowding = low standard of living
- Growth of slums

14

How much of urban population lived in slums 2005?

45%

15

How many students and classrooms does the main school in Serekunda have?

3000 students

26 classrooms

16

5 problems with schools

- Not enough money to build new schools
- 2 shift system
- Teachers badly paid and work 12 hour shifts
- lack of books
- Lack of toilets

17

How many toilets for students?

1 toilet per 250 students

18

2 problems in terms of healthcare

- Poor maternal and child healthcare = high IMR
- High doctor and patient ratio

19

What is the doctor to patient ratio?

15,000 patients to 1 doctor

20

4 environmental issues

1. Deforestation
2. Over grazing and over cultivation
3. Water, land and air pollution
4. Depletion of natural resources

21

3 problems in terms of deforestation

- Trees chopped down for firewood for growing urban population
- Causes desertification = can't farm = food shortages
- Within 50 years, nearly all rainforest in Gambia gone

22

How is water polluted?

Due to deforestation and livestock bathing in water

23

2 resources depleted

Forests and fisheries (200km area overfished)

24

BR in The Gambia

40 per 1000 in 2000 = high natural increase