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Flashcards in China One Child Policy Deck (26):
1

When did China realise it was headed for famine?

1970s

2

When did China have a famine and how many deaths?

1959 - 1961

35 million

3

What meant growth was unsustainable?

Baby boom

4

4 aspects of the policy

- Only 1 successful pregnancy
- don't marry until late 20s
- sterilisation after 1st child / abortions
- Granny police checked upon young couples and made sure women attended contraception appointments

5

3 positive incentives

5-10% salary rise
Priority housing, pension and family benefits
Free education

6

6 negative incentives

10% salary cut
Fine - bankrupt most households
Must pay for education for all children
Pay for healthcare for whole family
2nd child born abroad not allowed Chinese citizenship
Pay cuts for colleagues to force abortion

7

7 positive impacts

- Forecasted famine didn't occur
- Enough food and jobs
- New industries lifted millions out of poverty
- 400M births prevented
- BR fell
- increase technology and resource exploitation = higher living standard
- Stellar education

8

How many births were prevented?

400 million

9

By how much did BR fall?

33.4 ---> 17

1979 ---> 1996

10

What category were most of the negative impacts? (Environmental/social/economic)

Social

11

Who were women under pressure from?

Families, workmates, Gov, Granny Police

12

What was the gender imbalance?

120 males : 100 females = bachelor futures

13

How many orphans?

15 million

14

How much money was paid in fines?

2 trillion Yuan

15

Which groups of people were most affected?

Rural farmers - needed lots of children to work the land and needed boys --> poverty and starvation

16

6 other negative impacts

- Forced abortions 9 months into pregnancy
- Little emperors
- Gov power over people's private lives
- Dying rooms
- Female infanticide
- Dependency issues

17

What proportion of children died within first year in Dying Rooms and why?

9/10 died within first year due to deliberate starvation

18

Name for female infanticide

China's Lost Girls

19

Why were there dependency issues?

1 child looking after 4 grandparents and 2 parents

20

How many more births than deaths as of 2008?

1 million more births than deaths every 5 weeks

21

How many people still living on less than how much per day?

600 million on

22

How more men than women currently?

60 million

23

3 other problems (current situation)

- Increasing wealth = more people breaking rules
- Risk of severe labour shortage
- Growing ageing population as LE increasing

24

When and how is the policy being scrapped?

March 2016 - will be allowed 2 children

25

3 points of evaluation

- Won't be able to support growing ageing pop = policy created different problems
- Human costs > Success of reducing BR
- American research suggests BR would have fallen anyway due to socio-economic development

26

Date

1979