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Flashcards in Eating Disorders In Athletes Deck (28):
0

Anorexia nervous is characterized by?

Characterized by extremely low food intake

1

Binge eating is?

Consumption of large amounts of food

2

Body dysmorphic disorder is?
Common among?

Eating /psychological disorder more common among males

3

Purging is?

Refers to the emptying of stomach contents

4

Energy availability is?

Quantified as energy used for bodily functions after exercise

5

Female traid syndrome causes?

Includes osteoporosis, amenorrhea, and disordered eating

6

When Estradiol is diminished it can?

When diminished, can increase the risk of osteoporosis

7

What are the three classified clinical eating disorders?

Anorexia nervosa
Bulimia nervosa
EDNOS

8

_______ healthy (normal) eating ______
Disordered eating_______

Over eating – healthy (normal) eating- excessive concern over BW,
Disordered eating- clinical eating disorders

9

List three physiological functions that are negatively affected with low energy availability

Cellular maintenance, thermoregulation, growth, bone development, reproduction

10

True or false?
Anorexia nervosa is characterized by the abnormally low fluid intake, a disordered body image, and an intense fear of gaining weight

True

11

List 4 physical symptoms associated with anorexia nervosa

Weight-loss beyond what is required for optimal sport performance, amenorrhea or menstrual dysfunction, dehydration, excessive fatigue (greater than expected after training her competition), gastrointestinal problems such as constipation, diarrhea, or distress after meals, hyperactivity, hypothermia, low resting heart rate, muscle weakness, high susceptibility for overuse injuries, reduced bone mineral density and susceptibility to stress fractures, frequent infections, skin sores, and poor wound healing, low blood hemoglobin, as well as low serum albumin, glucose, HDL cholesterol

12

True or false?
Many bulimic athletes actually maintain a normal body weight

True

13

List 4 physiological symptoms associated with bulimia nervosa

Binge eating, secretive eating and agitation when binging is interrupted, disappearing after eating meals, evidence of vomiting unrealistic to illness, dieting, excessive exercise beyond that related for the athletes sport, depression, self criticism (especially in regards to body image, and especially in regards to body image, bodyweight, and a decline in sport performance) substance abuse, use of laxatives, diuretics, or both that are unsanctioned by medical or coaching support staff

14

An individual diagnosed with an EDNOS May meet all the criteria for bulimia nervosa except he or she ______; or for anorexia nervosa expect she ________

Binges and purges less than two times a week,
has regular menses

15

True or False?
Disorders are most common among power and technical skill sports

False

16

Describe two ways in which eating disorders can negatively affect an athletes performance

The athlete may have diminished liver and muscle glycogen stores, may be consistently dehydrated, can become anemic, may exhibit electrolyte and balances, can lose significant muscle, therefore impairing strength and power

17

_____& ______ are two minerals of serious concern (as it relates to deficiency) among female athletes with eating disorders

Calcium, iron

18

Athletes who have been Amenorrheic for more than six months should have their _______ measured and be considered for ______ therapy

Bone mineral density, hormone replacement

19

Which of the following is a diagnostic criterion for anorexia nervosa?

A) A degree of restlessness that results in insomnia
B) Low HDL cholesterol
C) The absence of three consecutive menstrual cycles
D) consistently eat small meals throughout the day

C) The absence of three consecutive menstrual cycles

20

Which of the following is a physiological characteristics associated with anorexia nervosa?

A) binge eating
B) unusual waiting behaviors
C) evidence of vomiting unrealistic to illness
D) dehydration

B) unusual waiting behaviors

21

Which of the following describes why an individual with bulimia nervosa is at a relatively high risk for a nutrient deficiencies?

A) sufferers generally refused to eat food for 3 to 4 hours after a training session
B) sufferers generally self-dehydrate due to an inherent fear of fluid inducing bloating
C) suffers generally engage in repeat cycles of binge eating
D) sapphire is generally purge the contents of the stomach before many nutrients can be absorbed

D) sapphire is generally purge the contents of the stomach before many nutrients can be absorbed

22

Which of the following is a physical symptom most specific to an individual who suffers from bulimia nervosa?

A) calluses, sores or abrasions on the back of hands
B) hypothermia
C) depression
D) infertility

A) calluses, sores or abrasions on the back of hands

23

Which of the following does not reflect research findings examining the prevalence of eating disorders?

A) eating disorders are more prevalent among athletes when compared to general population
B) disorders are more prevalent among females when compared to males
C) prevalence of anorexia nervosa is more common among mail non-athletes when compared to male athletes
D) prevalence of bulimia nervosa is more common among female athletes when compared to female nonathletes

C) prevalence of anorexia nervosa is more common among mail non-athletes when compared to male athletes

24

Which of the following is considered the most significant risk factor for being diagnosed with an eating disorder?

A) lifestyle
B) dieting
C) personality traits
D) gender

D) gender

25

Eating disorders can reduce athletic performance mainly due to _______

A) reduced protein synthesis
B) Low energy availability
C) lack of motivation
D) reduced anabolic hormone activity

B) Low energy availability

26

Which of the following is a primary cause of death among anorexics?

A) CNS failure from glycogen depletion
B) complications associated with vomiting behavior
C) cardiac arrest due to excessive fluid/electrolyte disturbance
D) fractures

C) cardiac arrest due to excessive fluid/electrolyte disturbance

27

Which of the following statements concerning the body dysmorphic disorder is incorrect?

A) sufferers are willing to engage in drug abuse to attain a leaner appearance
B) suffers commonly engage in excessive exercise and supplement used to increase muscle
C) sufferers are continually unhappy with their physique
D) The disorder is most common among females

D) The disorder is most common among females