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Flashcards in Nutrients Deck (44)
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0

Starch is?

Storage form of carbohydrate in plants.

1

Brandon is?

Example of an insoluble fiber food source.

2

Micronutrients are?

President in the diet in small quantities (<1g/day)
Vitamins
minerals
trace elements

3

protein can do what?

Protein can regulate metabolism in the form of enzymes.

4

Linoleic acid is?

An essential fatty acid

5

Glycogen is?

Storage form of carbohydrate in humans

6

Phytonutrients are?

Organic compounds of plants that will promote many health benefits.
Can serve as antioxidants

7

Fiber provides?
Recommend daily intake?

Provides low caloric yield with high satiety. Recommended daily intake is 20-35 g based on size

8

Functions of water are?

1) water transports nutrients and waste products
2) regulates body temperature
3) participates in biochemical reactions
4) provides lubrication
5) cleanses or protects joints and organs
6) Solvent to allow proper electrolyte dynamics

9

How many calories per gram in alcohol?

Alcohol provides 7 kcal per gram when consumed

10

What are the four categories of macronutrients?

Carbohydrates, fat, protein, water

11

List 3 primary functions of nutrients in the human body

Promotion of growth and development
Provision of energy
Regulation of metabolism

12

___________ are known to promote cardiovascular disease by elevating LDL cholesterol and reducing HDL cholesterol.

Trans fatty acid's

13

Cholesterol can be consumed in the diet but is always synthesized in the_____ at a rate of 0.5 to 2.9 g per day

Liver

14

True or false?
Proteins are comprised of numerous amino acids bound by peptide bonds.

True

15

Athletes are generally recommended to consume approximately _______ of their total energy intake in the form of healthy carbohydrates

60%

16

Identify two fat-soluble vitamins that are synthesized in the body

Vitamin D
Vitamin K

17

List 2 common beverages that contain a class of phytonutrients known as polyphenols

Tea and wine

18

Which of the following types of nutrients primarily served to promote growth and development?
A. Carbohydrates
B. FatS
C. Trace elements
D. Proteins

D. Proteins

19

Which of the following nutrients include the essential fatty acids?

A. Saturated fatty acid's
B. Unsaturated fatty acid's
C. Polyunsaturated fatty acids
D. Cholesterol

C. Polyunsaturated fatty acids

20

Which of the following nutrients is predominantly used during high intensity training?

A. Fat's
B. Carbohydrates
C. Vitamins
D. Proteins

B. Carbohydrates

21

Starch is an example of which of the following classes of carbohydrate?

A. Monosaccharides
B. Disaccharides
C. Polysaccharides
D. Fiber

C. Polysaccharides

22

Which of the following nutrients shorten transit time of waste products and potential toxins in the intestinal the all tract?

A. Trans fatty acids
B. Insoluble fiber
C. Polypeptides
D. Oligosaccharides

B. Insoluble fiber

23

Which of the following forms of lipids can act as a precursor to vitamin D and hormone testosterone?

A. Medium chain fatty acids
B. Monounsaturated fat
C. Cholesterol
D. Saturated fat

C. Cholesterol

24

Which of the following protein sources do not contain all of the essential amino acids?

A. Wheat
B. Beef
C. Fish
D. Egg

A. Wheat

25

The recommended daily intake of protein for sedentary individuals is:

A. 0.82 1.2 g/kg of total body weight
B. 30% of total caloric intake
C. 1.5 to 2 g/kg of total body weight
D. 75 g - 100 g

A. 0.82 1.2 g/kg of total body weight

26

Which of the following is the only form of carbohydrate they can be directly oxidized in muscle tissue to a fuel exercise?

A. Sucrose
B. Glucose
C. Fructose
D. Maltodextrin

B. Glucose

27

Which of the following is not a mechanism by which Phytonutrients aid in maintaining health?

A. Strengthening of the immune system
B. Altering of estrogen metabolism
C. Conversion into vitamin K (carotenoids)
D. Repairing of DNA damage as a result of toxic exposure such as smoking.

C. Conversion into vitamin K (carotenoids)

28

What are nutrients?

Nutrients are any substance in food that provide one or more essensual functions of the body

A. Promote growth and
B. Provide energy
C. Regulate metabolism

29

Carbohydrates are classified...

1) monosaccharides
2) disaccharides
3) oligosaccharides
4) polysaccharides