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Flashcards in Nutrients In Recommended Intake's Deck (36):
0

DV is?

Used on food labels to represent a simple RDA value.

1

Potassium has a?

Has a DRV of 3500 mg

2

What is 7 day dietary survey?

A prospective method for estimating nutrient intake

3

What is Aspartame?

Aspartame is a synthetic additive with 180 times the sweetness of sucrose

4

AI is used when...

AI is used when RDA value cannot be determined

5

How much trans fat should a person consume daily?

Trans fat should be less than 1% of total energy intake

6

What is UI?

UI is the highest level of safe daily intake for a given nutrient.

7

What is olestra?

Olestra is a sucrose polymer based fat substitute.

8

What is EAR

EAR Meech the nutrient need for a 50% of people in a group

9

What is 24 hour recall

24 hour recall is a retrospective method for estimating nutrient intake.

10

List two criteria for a nutrient to be considered essential

A. The substance is required in the diet for growth, health, and overall survival.

B. Absence or in adequate intake of the substance results and signs of a deficiency disease and ultimately death.

C. Growth failure and signs of deficiency are prevented only by the nutrient or a specific precursor of it.

D. Below the critical level of necessary intake for the given nutrient growth response and severity of signs of deficiency are proportional to the amount consumed

E. The substance is not synthesized in the body and is required for a critical function throughout life.

11

True or false:
The RDA is a safe excess of nutrients above the EAR that prevents nutritional deficiencies and 97 to 98% of all healthy people in a given group

True

12

True or False:

The current DRI guidelines include 58 essential nutrients.

False

13

According to the established daily reference values, saturated fat consumption should equal no more than _____ of total energy intake.

10%

14

They UI for daily nutrient intake was developed after the increase practice of _______ Foods and the popularity of the _____

Fortifying
Dietary supplements

15

According to the 2005 dietary guidelines for Americans, ______Of energy intake should come from carbohydrates and _______ of energy intake should come from protein.

45 - 65%
10 - 35%

16

List five practical guidelines for healthy eating.

A. Balance food intake with physical activity to maintain a healthy weight.
B. Eat a variety of nutrient rich foods.
C. Eat a diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and whole-grain and high-fiber foods.
D. Choose a diet moderate in total fat but low in saturated fat, transfer that, and cholesterol.
E. Cut back on beverages and foods high in calories and low in nutrition.
F. Keep salt and sodium intake conservative.
G. Drink alcohol in moderation.
H. Practice food hygiene and safety.
I. Avoid excessive intake of food additives and nutrition supplements.

17

True or false:
stevia is an artificial sweetener derived from an herbal plant extract?

True

18

"Free" =
Calories _____
Total fat _____
Sugars ______

"Free" =
Calories: less than 5 cal per serving
Total fat: less than 0.5 g per reference amount
Sugars: less than 0.5 g per reference amount

19

"Low" =
Calories _____
Total fat _____
Sugars ______

"Low" =
Calories: 40 cal or less per reference amount.
Total fat: 3 g or less per reference amount.
Sugars: not defined; no basis for recommended intake

20

"Reduced" =
Calories _____
Total fat _____
Sugars ______

"Reduced" =
Calories: 25% fewer calories per serving then reference.
Total fat: 25% less fat per serving then reference.
Sugars: 25% less sugar per serving then reference.

21

The ___ ____ ____ technique of estimating nutrient intake involves direct chemical analysis of all the food products consumed during a given period, making it and especially accurate method

Duplicate food collections

22

Which of the following is NOT considered an essential nutrient?

A. Calcium
B. Tryptophan
C. Choline
D. Vitamin D

C. Choline

23

Which of the following includes the new standards for nutrient recommendations that can be used to plan and assess diets for healthy people?

A. UL
B. DRI
C. EAR
D. AI

B. DRI

24

The correct nutrient intake recommendations differ from the initial set development in 1941 in which of the following ways?

A. They are aimed to be able to develop and evaluate nutritional adequacy of large groups such as the Armed Forces.
B. They now include 27 essential nutrients.
C. They now meet the nutritional needs of 100% of healthy adults.
D. They are now aimed at reducing the risk of chronic conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and osteoporosis

D. They are now aimed at reducing the risk of diet related chronic conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and osteoporosis

25

What percentile range of the total diet among healthy adults should come from fat, based on the updated 2005 dietary guidelines for Americans?

A. 10-20%
B. 15-25%
C. 20-35%
D. 30-40%

C. 20-35%

26

Which of the following food groups from the My Pyramid serves as a good source of iron?

A. Fruit
B. Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, dried beans, nuts
C. Dairy products: milk, yogurt, cheese
D. Fats, oils, suites

B. Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, dried beans, nuts

27

It is recommended that the daily intake of dietary cholesterol not surpass which of the following quantities?

A. 100 mg
B. 150 mg
C. 300 mg
D. 415 mg

C. 300 mg

28

When examining nutrition facts on the label of a food product, which of the following nutrients is listed toward the top of the label as it is a nutrient that is recommended to be limited in the diet?

A. Dietary fiber
B. Sodium.
C. Vitamin A
D. Protein

B. Sodium

29

Which of the following health claims May be presented on a food product that provides >10% of the daily value for folic acid?

A. The product may claim to reduce the risk of dental caries.
B. The product may claim to reduce the risk of certain types of cancer.
C. The product may claim to reduce the risk of birth defects.
D. The product may claim to reduce the risk of heart disease.

C. The product may claim to reduce the risk of birth defects

30

Which of the following artificial sweeteners provides the same caloric yield per gram as sucrose but, considering it is only used in minute amounts, adds variety no energy to a given food source?

A. Saccharine
B. Aspartame
C. Sorbitol
D. Xylitol

B. Aspartame

31

Which of the following techniques for estimating nutrient intake is essentially a combination of the process implemented in the 24 hour recall and food frequency methods?

A. Diet history method
B. Duplicate food collections method
C. 3 day dietary survey
D. 7 day weighed food record

A. Diet history method

32

What does DRI stand for and what does it mean?

Dietary Reference Intake- New standards for nutrient recommendations that can be used to plan and assess diet for healthy people

33

What does EAR stand for and what does it mean?

Estimated Average Requirements- nutrient intake value that is estimated to meet the requirement of 50% of the healthy individuals in a group, used to assess nutritional adequacy of intakes of population groups and to calculate RDAs

34

What does AI stand for and what does it mean? When is it used?

Adequate Intake- value used with no RDA can be determined, recommended daily intake level based on research-based approximation of intake for a group of healthy people

35

What does UI stand for and what does it mean?

Tolerable Upper Intake Level- highest level of daily nutrient intake that is likely to pose no risk or adverse health effects to almost all individuals in the general population, as intake increases above the UL the risk of adverse effects increases.