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Flashcards in Embalming Deck (86):
1

What does Embalming literally mean?

Em- In, or About
Balm- Resinous substance or balsamic agents

2

A process of chemically treating the dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of microorganisms to retard organic decomposition, and to restore an acceptable physical appearance

Embalming

3

What are the Classifications of Embalming

1. Vascular Embalming
2. Cavity Embalming
3. Hypodermic Embalming
4. Surface (Pack or Absorption) Embalming

4

•The process of disinfecting, temporary preserving and restoring the dead human body by the injection into the arteries, of a suitable amount of a proper chemical
•Chemical is arterial fluid
•One Gallon/ 50 Lbs. of body weight and 1% dilution

Vascular Embalming

5

Vascular Embalming is based upon

Fluid distribution
Fluid diffusion
Retention

6

movement of arterial fluid from point of injection to the capillaries

Fluid distribution

7

Movement of arterial fluid through the capillaries to the tissues (from intravascular to extravascular)

Fluid diffusion

8

The direct treatment other than vascular embalming of the contents of the body cavities and the lumen of the hollow viscera

Cavity Embalming

9

Cavity embalming is accomplished by

Aspiration of the contents of the cavities and viscera Injection of a suitable amount of a proper chemical

10

Cavity embalming chemical used & amount is

Undiluted cavity fluid
A rule of thumb 16 ounces in the thoracic cavity and 16 ounces in the abdominal/pelvic cavity

11

The injection of embalming chemicals directly into the tissues through the use of a syringe and needle or a trocar

Hypodermic Embalming

12

The disinfection and temporary preservation of a LOCAL area by the external application of a compress of a suitable material

Surface (Pack or Absorption) Embalming

13

Reasons for Embalming

1. Disinfection
2. Temporary Preservation
3. Restoration

14

The destruction or inhibiting of pathogenic bacteria and their products in or on the body

Disinfection

15

Types of Disinfection

1. Primary Disinfection
2. Concurrent Disinfection
3. Terminal Disinfection

16

disinfection carried out prior to the embalming process

Primary Disinfection

17

disinfection practices carried out during the embalming process

Concurrent Disinfection

18

disinfection and decontamination measures after the preparation of the remains

Terminal Disinfection

19

Treating the dead human body chemically so as to inhibit decomposition

Temporary Preservation

20

The care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color

Restoration

21

credited with being the father of embalming

Dr. Frederick Ruysch

22

Father of Modern U.S. embalming (hand pump)

Dr. Thomas Holmes

23

wrote the first book on embalming “History of Embalming” in French

Jean Gannal

24

Translated Gannal’s Book to English and he is the first credit individual recognizing the value of embalming from a disease stand point.

Dr. Richard Harlan

25

was the first to produce formaldehyde (HCHO)

August Wilhelm vonHofman

26

2 rules of Professional Conduct

1. Always show respect for the deceased
2. Always maintain the highest standards

27

Limit admission to the preparation room during a prep. to who?

•Licensed funeral service professional and registered trainees
•Those authorized by law
•Those authorized by the family

28

what authorized persons can be in the prep room when no embalming is taking place?

•Maintenance employees
•Hairdresser, cosmetologist, ect.
•Staff members for dressing and casketing remains

29

Identify and secure the preparation room by?

•Place a sign on the preparation room door indicating private; authorized persons only
•State of Texas indicates that it must be private and have no general passageway through it
•Keep the room locked

30

Instruct and maintain the highest moral standards by?

•Keep the body covered as practical
•Guard against loose talk and remarks
•Guard against loose talk and remarks
•Disclose no confidential facts as to condition, deformities or diseases causing death

31

what are the methods of authorization to Embalm

1.Verbal permission
2.Written permission

32

Identification procedures are with what?

1. personal effects
2. proper remains

33

to whom are responsibility to be reported in certain obervations

1. To the police
2. To the medical examiner
3. To the coroner (Justice of the Peace)

34

Follow all necessary OSHA requirements to?

help protect your employees

35

Completing an embalming report for EVERY case on which you perform ANY embalming procedure is for?

your documentation as to the embalming procedure you have performed

36

Irreversible cessation of all vital functionsSuch as: Respiration; Heart action

Non-Legal definition of Death

37

the noise made by a moribund person caused by air passing through a residue of mucous in the trachea and posterior oral cavity.

death rattle

38

the semi-convulsive twitches which often occur before death

death struggle

39

condition in which the manifestations of life are feebly maintained

apparent death

40

body of a deceased person, including cremated remains

human remains

41

those elements remaining after cremation of a dead human body

cremated remains

42

Dead human body used for medical purposes; including anatomical dissection and study

cadaver

43

the study of death

thanatology

44

The major element remaining from human remains/ cremated remains is what?

Calcium

45

pernouncement of death; death of the organism as a whole

somatic death

46

Somatic death is recognized by the failure of one of what three organs

heart, brain, lungs

47

Death of the individual cells of the body; Final cause of cellular death is oxygen starvation; Post mortem cellular death will occur after somatic death

Post Mortem Cellular Death

48

what factors influence the onset of post mortem cellular death

cause of death
environmental conditions
condition of body
medication preceding death

49

Can cellular death occur antemortem

Yes, Necrosis such as in decubitus ulcer or gangrene

50

Those manifestations of death by which we may recognize its presence in the body

Signs of death

51

What are the signs of death

Decomposition
cessation
algor mortis
livor mortis
rigor mortis
complete muscular relaxation
changes of the eye

52

The separation of compounds into simpler substances by the action of microbial and/or autolytic enzymes; considered the single most reliable sign of death

Decomposition

53

circulation; respiration

Cessation

54

Post mortem cooling of the body to the surrounding temperatures

Algor Mortis

55

also referred to as cadaveric lividity; The post mortem, intravascular, red-blue discoloration resulting from the hypostasis of blood

Livor Mortis

56

Can Livor Mortis be removed with normal arterial injection and venous drainage?

Yes, because it is intravascular (within the vessels)

57

the settling of blood and/or other fluids to the dependent (lowest) portions of the body.

Hypostasis

58

the post mortem temporary stiffening of the body muscles due to natural chemical body processes

Rigor Mortis

59

at death the muscles DO NOT function

Complete Muscular Relaxation

60

clouding of the cornea and loss of luster; flattening of the eyeball; pupil does not respond to light

Changes of the Eye

61

What are the 2 types of tests for death

expert test
inexpert test

62

What are the types of expert test?

Stethoscope
Ophthalmoscope
Electronic Life Detection Devices (encephalogram)Injections of various dyes

63

a delicate instrument used to detect almost inaudible sounds produced in the body

Stethoscope

64

an optical instrument with an accompanying light that makes it possible to examine the retina and explore blood circulation

Ophthalmoscope

65

EKG, EEG, ABR

Electronic Life Detection Devices (encephalogram)

66

detect normal heart activity

EKG

67

Check brain wave activity

EEG

68

check specific brain waves for vital activity

ABR

69

Injections of various dyes into they body to check for circulation- 2cc of Flourescein is injected into the upper arm. If there is circulation the whites of the eyes turn green

Injections of various dyes

70

What are the 3 types of inexpert tests?

Ligature test
Ammonia Injection Test
Feel for the pulse

71

ligate a finger; if it becomes discolored and swells, life is present

Ligature test

72

hypodermically inject ammonia, if alive the skin will show a reddish reaction

Ammonia Injection Test

73

Those changes occurring prior to somatic death

Ante Mortem (Agonal) Changes

74

What are the 4 changes of Ante Mortem (Agonal)

Thermal changes
Blood changes
Moisture changes
Translocation of Microorganisms

75

changes in temperature of body; rising or fallen

Thermal changes

76

decrease in the body temperature prior to somatic deathDue to a slow metabolism and poor circulationSlows the onset of rigor mortis and decomposition

Agonal Algor

77

increase in body temperature prior to somatic deathCommonly found in infectious diseasesSpeeds the rate of rigor mortis and decomposition

Agonal Fever

78

what are the 2 thermal changes in ante (agonal) mortem

Agonal Algor
Agonal Fever

79

the settling of blood and/or other fluids to the dependent portions of the body

Hypostasis (ante mortem)

80

congealing of the blood (clots)

Coagulation

81

What are the 2 types of blood changes in ante (agonal) mortem

hypostasis
coagulation

82

the escape of blood serum from an intravascular to an extravascular location immediately before deathThere is an increase in moisture in the tissues and cavities; Results from capillary; Speeds the decomposition process

Agonal edema

83

How will agonal edema effect the strength of your diluted arterial fluid?

Increase strength

84

the loss of moisture from the human body prior to somatic deathCould result in the thickening of the blood and dehydration of certain tissue

agonal dehydration

85

What are the 2 types of moisture change in ante (agonal) mortem

Agonal Edema
Agonal Dehydration

86

movement of microorganisms from one area of the body to another. An example is from the intestinal area to the blood vascular system due to capillary permeability changes

Translocation of Microorgansisms