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Geography - population and the environment > environment and disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in environment and disease Deck (34):
1

what is morbidity?

refers to ill health, includes any diseased state, disability or condition of poor health

2

what is mortality?

refers to deaths, it is the condition of being mortal or susceptible to death

3

summary of epidemiological transition...

infectious diseases are replaced by chronic diseases as the main cause of morbidity and mortality due to improved public health and sanitation

4

does the place where someone lives affect their life?

yes
lics/hics

5

environmental variables and the incidence of disease - climate

-drought leads to crop failure reduction in food security and famine
-flooding can lead to water borne diseases
-SAD - type of depression that has a seasonal pattern
-number of people in uk with respiratory issues has fallen due to improved air quality
-high conc of aluminium in water correlates w/ alz

6

environmental variables and the incidence of disease - topography FLAT LAND `

-LIC's like Asia high densities of people live on flood plains

7

River Ganges

attracted to by flat land and seasonal flooding that allows them to grow rice
flooding = good but unplanned flooding accounts for 40% of deaths by natural disasters

8

what does flooding also lead to?

drownings
physical injuries
damage to homes

9

HIGH LAND

land slides
nepal suffers from land slides destroying hospitals, schools roads etc

10

environmental variables and the incidence of disease - natural hazards

hatti earthquake jan 2010
before - country lacked sewage systems half country lacked access to clean water 200,000 people HIV/AIDS
disease spread cholera - 2010-2014 8500 deaths cholera

11

uk air pollution is linked to how many deaths?

40,000 early deaths per year

12

distribution of deaths from air pollution

-indie and china -NEE- high due to wealth and industrialisation
-Australia = low due to strict emission laws

13

poor indoor air quality

roof leaks - bacterial growth
dust mites
animal hair
household cleaners
structural damp
high humidity
wood burning stoves

14

global pattern of deaths from indoor smoke

-india
-central and southern Africa
wood/gas stoves

15

outdoor air pollution

major environmental health problem with potential to affect everyone in both developed and developing

16

burning of fossil fuels

produces harmful poisons and gasses and long term exposure can cause respiratory problems

17

polluted air

this affects the respiratory and cardiovascular health of the population and is responsible for 37 mil premature deaths worldwide

18

2014 Dheli

dirtiest atmosphere out of 1600 cities worldwide

19

improving air quality

policies and investments that support cleaner transport power generation and efficient housing

20

what would happen if we reduced air pollution?

countries would reduce the burden of disease from stroke, lung cancer and respiratory diseases

21

will improving air quality be easier in developed or developing countries?

developed
-rich
-priority problem for developed whereas LICs are still battling communicable diseases

22

water pollution and poor water quality?

have important impacts on health and can lead to many diseases 2million deaths anually due to unsafe water, poor sanitation and hygiene

23

human sewage

- 1 of main causes of water pollution
toilets may be a hole in ground, same water may be used for drinking washing etc

24

2015 water aid

said 8 million people lived without safe water

25

water resource development and management

attempts to manage water supplies through dam development has led to health problems due to stagnent water - breeding ground for mosquitos

26

water related diseases include

diarrhoeal diseases
malaria
cancer

27

management of water diseases

much progress has been made as it is a focus of mdg's
number of children dying from diarrohoeal diseases has fallen since 1990's

28

practical measures have included:

better tools and procedures to protect drinking water quality
SDG'S are focusing on controlling human exposure to water borne diseases

29

what are blue zone communities?

areas where people live the longest

30

which city in UK has lowest life expectancy ?

Glasgow

31

are urban environments in HIC's more or less likely to lead to health problems than LIC'S

HIC'S less likely but still suffer from health problems
LIC's suffer from air and water pollution issues

32

wood burners

liberate significant amounts of particulate air pollution into the outdoor air

33

sri lanka - development

-has achieved health related MDG goal targets
-public health care accessible to all
-investment in public health and hospitals n
-widespread vaccination and health education programmes

34

SRI LANKA INFO

shared a similar life expectancy of 71 years as glasgow
characteristics of an LIC but health provision indicates a deeveloping