Epidemiological transition Flashcards Preview

Geography - population and the environment > Epidemiological transition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Epidemiological transition Deck (18):
1

what is the least developed continent as the world?

AFRICA

2

name 3 countries of low economic development?

ethiopia, kenya, demographic republic of congo

3

name 2 developing countries?

india china

4

name 3 developed countries?

USA, UK japan

5

who was the epidemiological transition model proposed by?

abel omran in 1971

6

what are the 4 stages of the health transition?

age of pestilence and famine
age of receeding pandemics
age of degenerate and man made diseases
age of delayed degenerative diseases

7

where does stage 1 usually occur?

usually in low income countries

8

where does stage 2 usually occur?

developing countries

9

where does stage 3 usually occur?

countries in transition

10

where does stage 4 usually occur?

western countries

11

what is stage 1?

age of pestilence and famine

12

what is the age of pestilence and famine?

-mortality is high and fluctuates
-low life expentacy of 20-40 yrs
-low growth patterns are associated with wars famine, and epidemic outbreaks

13

what is stage 2?

receeding pandemics `

14

what is receeding pandemics?

-rate of mortality declines as disease epidemics occur less frequently
-life expectancy increases and population growth rises
-phase is associated with advances in medicine and healthcare systems

15

what is stage 3?

age of degenerative and man made disease

16

what is age of degenerative and man made disease?

-mortality continues to decline and reaches sustainability
-non communicable diseases dominate
-average life expectancy 50 yrs
-fertility is a contributing factor to pop growth

17

what is stage 4?

age of delayed degenerative diseases

18

what is age of delayed degenerative diseases?

-life expectancy 70-80
-causes of mortality is same as stage 3 but distributed to older ages because of new treatments