Flashcards in Population structure Deck (12):
what is population structure
term used to describe age distribution and sex composition of a nation
what is pop structure shown through?
what do LIC's have?
high infant mortality
short life expectancy
high natural increase
what do HIC's have?
long life expectancy
low infant mortality
low natural increase
what are the features of population pyramids?
population divided into 5 year age groups
divided into M&F
percentage of each age group q
what can population pyramids show?
-past changes in pop
-used to predict both LT and ST changes in pop
-shows the effects of war/disease
-shows life expectancy
what are the advantages of a youthful population?
provides a large and cheap future workforce
provides a growing market for manufactured products
provides a large tax base for country
what are the disadvantages of a youthful population?
-puts a strain on education and health services
-puts a strain on food supplies
-puts a strain on available accomodation
-lack of available jobs in the future
what are the solutions to a youthful population
industrailisation to provide jobs in manufacturing
what are the advantages of an ageing population?
growing grey market for leisure and health products
fewer people of working age so less unemployment
some elderley still work
what are the disadvantages of an ageing population?
cost of pensions healthcare etc
many young people employed caring for elderly
pensions will cost more